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Abraliopsis Joubin 1896

Richard E. Young and Kotaro Tsuchiya
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The genus contains the following 11 nominal species.
Containing group: Enoploteuthidae

Introduction

Species of Abraliopsis are small squids that are most easily recognized by spherical "black" photophores (usually three) at the tip of each Arm IV. The black appearance is due to black chromatophores that typically cover the photophores but when the latter luminesce, the chromatophores withdraw from the photophores. This feature is shared with Watasenia scintillans from waters around Japan.

Brief diagnosis: 

An enoploteuthid ... 

Characteristics

The following characters are from Young, et al., 1998.

  1. Arms
    1. Suckers absent from arms IV (only hooks present).

  2. Tentacles
    1. Manus of club with two series of hooks and one series of suckers.

  3. Buccal crown
    1. Buccal crown with dark epithelial pigmentation on oral surface rather than typical chromatophores.*

  4. Fins
    1. Fins extend to posterior end of tail.

  5. Photophores
    1. Two to four large photophores covered by black chromatophores on tips of each arm IV.*
    2. Five photophores on eyeball.*
    3. Complex organs of integument, in life, with red-colored filters.*

*Characters shared with Watasenia

Comments

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Figure. Ventral surface of the head and photophores of Abraliopsis pacificus. The photo on the left is an enlargement of some of the photophores.

As in most other genera of the family, Abraliopsis has three types of integumental photophores covering the arms, head, funnel and mantle. The right-hand photo above shows the ventral surface of the head and funnel. The most complex of the integumental photophores have red color filters. The other two types appear as blue photophores with white cores in the photos and can be separated only by size in these pictures. Large white ocular photophores are also easily seen through the skin.

References

Young, R. E., L. A. Burgess, C. F. E. Roper, M. J. Sweeney and S. J. Stephen. 1998. Classification of the Enoploteuthidae, Pyroteuthidae and Ancistrocheiridae. Smithson. Contr. Zool., No. 586: 239-256.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Abraliopsis pacificus
Location off Hawaii
ToL Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © 2000 Richard E. Young
About This Page

Richard E. Young
University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA


Tokyo University of Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan

Page: Tree of Life Abraliopsis Joubin 1896. Authored by Richard E. Young and Kotaro Tsuchiya. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Young, Richard E. and Tsuchiya, Kotaro. 2008. Abraliopsis Joubin 1896. Version 23 April 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Abraliopsis/19644/2008.04.23 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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