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Atlanta lesueurii Gray 1850

Atlanta lesueuri Souleyet 1852

Roger R. Seapy
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Containing group: Atlanta

Introduction

The maximal shell size of Atlanta lesueurii appears to vary geographically (from 2 mm in Hawaiian and eastern Australian waters to 6 mm in the tropical western Pacific). The shell is transparent, thin and fragile, with a smooth surface (lacking raised sculpture). The spire is very small, somewhat elevated and compact, consisting of about 2-1/2 whorls. Spire sutures are deep, with the result that the whorls are somewhat rounded in profile and can easily be distinguished. After metamorphosis the outermost whorl enlarges and inflates rapidly and the keel becomes progressively taller, becoming very tall in large adults and having a truncate leading edge. The keel base and spire sutures are colorless. Eyes type b, with a large lens. Operculum type b. Radula type I, with a narrowly triangular shape; largest in the genus Atlanta. Geographic distribution is cosmopolitan in tropical to subtropical waters. Vertical distribution in Hawaiian waters restricted to upper 150 m, with most individuals in the upper 100 m and some evidence for nocturnal migration into the upper 50 m.

Diagnosis

Characteristics

  1. Shell
    1. Maximal shell size appears to vary geographically (=6 mm in the western tropical Pacific [Souleyet, 1852], 4 mm in the North Atlantic and Indian Oceans [Richter, 1986, 1974] and 2 mm off Hawaii [Seapy, 1990a,b] and eastern Australia [Newman, 1990]).
    2. Shell transparent with thin walls and keel
    3. Shell surface smooth, lacking raised sculpture on the spire whorls
    4. Spire very small, compact and somewhat elevated, consisting of about 2-1/2 whorls; spire whorls somewhat rounded and distinct from each other due to deep sutures (see fourth SEM image below)
    5. Keel tall, with a truncate leading edge (see first SEM image below)
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      Figure. Scanning electron micrographs of a 1.2 mm Atlanta lesueurii, viewed from the right side (upper left), the shell spire (upper right), the right side tilted (lower left), and the spire tilted (lower right). Scale bars = 0.5 mm (upper and lower left) and 100 µm (upper and lower right). ©

  2. Coloration: in Hawaiian waters juveniles lack body coloration (see second title illustration), but with growth the spire tissues take on pink (see first title illustration) to pinkish-violet (see photograph below) coloration
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    Figure. Specimen of a male Atlanta lesueurii retracted into its shell. Note the pinkish-violet  coloration of the spire tissues. Shell diameter = 1.5 mm. ©

  3. Eyes type b, with a large lens (see first title illustration; also, in enlarged view the transverse slit in the distal pigmented tissue of the right eye can be discerned)
  4. Operculum type b; thin
  5. Radula type I; largest in the genus Atlanta
    1. Shape triangular
    2. Lateral teeth monocuspid (Richter, 1961)
    3. Number of tooth rows can exceed 100 in older adults (Richter and Seapy, 1999)

Comments

Diel vertical distribution patterns of Atlanta lesueurii (among the 13 species of heteropods in the study) were investigated off leeward Oahu, Hawaii in waters overlying a bottom depth of 2,000 (between 9 and 11 km offthe coast) by Seapy (1990b). heteropods were collected during day and night periods using paired, opening-closing BONGO nets at 50-m depth intervals between the surface and 200 m and at 200-300 m and 300-400 m. Three or four replicated tows were taken in each depth interval. A. lesueurii was found to be the most abundant species, with a maximal density of 59 individuals per 1,000 m3 in a daytime 0-45 m depth interval. at a station ). The species ranged from the surface to 140 m during both day and night periods. There was an apparent partial populational migration from a depth interval of 45-90 m during the day to 0-45 m at night. However, high variability in densities between the replicated tows in each of the depth intervals resulted in statistically non-significant differences between day and night periods for each of the depth intervals.

In a subsequent study off leeward Oahu (Seapy, 2008), duplicate tows were taken with a MOCNESS mutiple, opening-closing net system during day and night periods at three stations located 1, 5 and 15 nm off the island in fall and spring sampling periods. Mean densities were computed (as numbers of individuals beneath 100 m2 of ocean surface) during day and night periods at each station. As in the 1990b study, A. lesueurii was the most abundant species in the fall, although it was a close second to A. plana in the spring. Comparisons were made using the nighttime density data to avoid issues such as daytime net avoidance and to include increased nighttime abundances resulting from possible nocturnal vertical migrator species. A. lesueurii was found to be most abundant at the offshore (15 nm) station during both seasons. Offshore to inshore abundance decreased most dramatically in the fall; from mean nighttime densities of 480 (15 nm) to 124 (5 nm) to 37 (1 nm) individuals beneath 100 m2 of ocean surface. At the 15 nm station the species ranged downward to the greatest depths; to the 120-160 m depth interval in the spring and to the 80-120 m depth interval in the fall. Clear evidence for nocturnal vertical migration was only seen in the spring at the 1-nm station (10-m depth intervai tows were taken in the upper 100 m at this shallow-water station). Highest abundances were recorded between 60 and 30 m during the day to 30 m to the surface at night.

Other Names for Atlanta lesueurii Gray 1850

References

Newman, L. J. 1990. The heteropod fauna (Prosobranchia, Heteropoda) of Australian and Papua New Guinean waters: a taxonomic and distributional review. Ph.D. thesis, University of Queensland, Australia.

Richter, G. 1961. Die Radula der Atlantiden (Heteropoda, Prosobranchia) und ihre Bedeutung f?r die Systematik und Evolution der Famiie. Zeitschrift f?r Morphologie und ?kologie das Tiere 50: 163-238.

Richter, G. 1974. Die Heteropoden der "Meteor" Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. "Meteor" Forschungs-Ergibnisse Ser. D, No. 17, pp. 55-78.

Richter, G. 1986. Zur Kenntnis der Gattung Atlanta (II). Atlanta lesueuri Souleyet und Atlanta oligogyra Tesch (Prosobranchia: Heteropoda). Archiv f?r Mollusken-kunde 117: 19-31.

Richter, G. and R. R. Seapy. 1999. Heteropoda, pp. 621-647. In: D. Boltovskoy (ed.), South Atlantic Zooplankton. Leiden: Backhuys Publ.

Seapy, R. R. 1990a. The pelagic family Atlantidae (Gastropoda, Heteropoda) from Hawaiian waters: a faunistic survey. Malacologia 32: 107-130.

Seapy, R. R. 1990b. Patterns of vertical distribution in epipelagic heteropod molluscs off Hawaii. Marine Ecology Progress Series 60: 235-246.

Seapy, R. R. 2008. Offshore-inshore and vertical distributional patterns of heteropod mollusks off leeward Oahu, Hawaii. Marine Biology 154: 985-995.

Souleyet, [L. F. A.]. In: Eydoux, [F.] and Souleyet [L. F. A.], 1852. Voyage autour du monde execute pendant les annees 1836 et 1837 sur la corvette 'La Bonite'... Zoologie, col. 2. 664 pp. A. Bertrand, Paris.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Atlanta lesueurii
Location Hawaiian waters
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Life Cycle Stage adult
View right side
Size 1.3 mm shell diameter
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0.
Copyright ©
Scientific Name Atlanta lesueurii
Location Hawaiian waters
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage juvenile
View right side
Size 0.7 mm shell diameter
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0.
Copyright ©
About This Page


California State University, Fullerton, California, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Roger R. Seapy at

Page: Tree of Life Atlanta lesueurii Gray 1850. Atlanta lesueuri Souleyet 1852. Authored by Roger R. Seapy. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Seapy, Roger R. 2009. Atlanta lesueurii Gray 1850. Atlanta lesueuri Souleyet 1852. Version 29 October 2009. http://tolweb.org/Atlanta_lesueurii/28765/2009.10.29 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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