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Baronia brevicornis

Robert D. Reed and Felix A. H. Sperling
Baronia brevicornis
Containing group: Papilionidae


The swallowtail subfamily Baroniinae contains a single species: Baronia brevicornis. This species is believed to be the most "primitive" of the living swallowtails, a hypothesis which is supported by morphological and molecular data (Miller 1987, Caterino et al. 2001).

Baronia brevicornis is a threatened butterfly that has a very small home range in Mexico.


Brown, K.S.Jr., C.F. Klitzke, C. Berlingeri, and P.E.R.D. Santos. 1995. Neotropical swallowtails: Chemistry of food plant relationships, population ecology, and biosystematics. In Swallowtail butterflies: Their ecology and evolutionary biology. Pages 405-445. Eds. Scriber-J-M; Tsubaki-Y; Lederhouse-R-C. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Gainesville, Florida, USA

Caterino, M.S., R.D. Reed, M.M. Kuo, and F.A.H. Sperling. 2001. A partitioned likelihood analysis of swallowtail butterfly phylogeny (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Syst. Biol. 50(1):106-127.

De la Maza, E.J., L.J. White, and L.A. White. 1987. Observation on the female polymorphism of Baronia brevicornis Salv. (Papilionidae Baroniinae) with a description of new subspecies from the state of Chiapas, Mexico. Revista de la Sociedad Mexicana de Lepidopterologia A C: 11: 3-13.

Eisner, T., T.E. Pliske, M. Ikeda, D.F. Owen, L. Vazquez, H. Perez, J.G. Franclem, and J. Meinwald. 1970. Defense mechanisms of Arthopods. 27. Osmeterial secretions of papilionid caterpillars (Baronia, Papilio, Eurytides). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 63: 914-?.

Hauser, C.L. 1992. A new abdominal scent organ in females of Baronia brevicornis (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Zool. Anz. 229: 54-62.

Miller, J.S. 1987. Phylogenetic studies in the Papilioninae (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 186:365-512.

Ruiz, H.P., and S.R. Sanchez. 1986. Some demographic aspects of Baronia brevicornis Salv. (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae Baroniinae) in two localities of Mexico. Anales del Instituto de Biologia Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Serie Zoologia. 1986: 57: 191-198..

Vazquez, G.L. 1987. Baronia brevicornis Salvin and its forms (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae Baroniinae). Anales del Instituto de Biologia Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico Serie Zoologia. 58: 655-680.

Vazquez, G.L., and R.H. Perez. 1966. Biology of Baronia brevicornis Salv (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae-Baroniinae). An. Inst. Biol. 37: 195-?.

Yuste, F., H. Perez, and F. Walls. 1972. Compounds of papilionid caterpillars (Baronia brevicornis S.). Experientia 28: 1149-1150.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations

Baronia brevicornis (Baroniini) [Copyright © 2000 M.S. Caterino]

Scientific Name Baronia brevicornis
Comments Baroniini
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Copyright © 2000
About This Page

Robert D. Reed

Dept. of Molecular and Cellular Biology University of Arizona Tucson, AZ 85721 U.S.A.

Felix A. H. Sperling

Dept. of Biological Sciences University of Alberta Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2E9 CANADA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Robert D. Reed at

Citing this page:

Reed, Robert D. and Sperling, Felix A. H. 2001. Baroniinae. Baronia brevicornis. Version 01 January 2001 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Baronia_brevicornis/12201/2001.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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Baronia brevicornis

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