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Brassolini Boisduval 1836

Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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taxon links [up-->]Biina [up-->]Caligo [up-->]Dynastor [up-->]Opsiphanes [up-->]Narope [up-->]Opoptera [up-->]Selenophanes [up-->]Eryphanis [up-->]Orobrassolis [up-->]Dasyophthalma [up-->]Brassolis [up-->]Penetes pamphanis [up-->]Blepolenis [up-->]Aponarope [up-->]Mielkella [up-->]Catoblepia [up-->]Caligopsis [down<--]Satyrinae Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Satyrinae

Introduction

The Brassolini are a neotropical tribe which includes the very large "owl butterflies" (Caligo), as well as a number of other striking species. Many of them are crepuscular, exhibiting rapid flight that almost makes them look like bats. The larvae of brassolines feed on monocots, and some species are pests of palms.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Phylogenetic relationships among genera are shown based on the phylgoenetic analysis of morphological characters by Penz (2007).

References

Casagrande MM. 1995. Notas sistem?ticas sobre Brassolinae. I. Tribos (Lepdoptera, Nymphalidae). Revta. Bras. Zool. 12: 671-699.

Casagrande, MM. 2004. Brassolini. In Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.

Penz, C. M. 2007 Evaluating the monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of Brassolini genera (Lepipoptera, Nymphalidae). Syst. Ent. 32, 668-689.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Brassolis astyra Godart
Location Campinas, Brasil
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Andrew V. Z. Brower
Life Cycle Stage adult
ToL Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0.
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About This Page

Niklas Wahlberg
University of Turku, Finland


Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Brassolini Boisduval 1836. Authored by Niklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Wahlberg, Niklas and Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Brassolini Boisduval 1836. Version 30 January 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Brassolini/70271/2008.01.30 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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Brassolini

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