BrassoliniNiklas Wahlberg and Andrew V. Z. Brower
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
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The Brassolini are a neotropical tribe which includes the very large "owl butterflies" (Caligo), as well as a number of other striking species. Many of them are crepuscular, exhibiting rapid flight that almost makes them look like bats. The larvae of brassolines feed on monocots, and some species are pests of palms.
Casagrande MM. 1995. Notas sistem?ticas sobre Brassolinae. I. Tribos (Lepdoptera, Nymphalidae). Revta. Bras. Zool. 12: 671-699.
Casagrande, MM. 2004. Brassolini. In Lamas G ed. 2004. Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera. Checklist: Part 4A Hesperioidea - Papiionoidea. Gainesville: Scientific Publishers/Association of Tropical Lepidoptera.
Penz, C. M. 2007 Evaluating the monophyly and phylogenetic relationships of Brassolini genera (Lepipoptera, Nymphalidae). Syst. Ent. 32, 668-689.
University of Turku, Finland
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Page copyright © 2006 Niklas Wahlberg and
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- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 30 January 2008
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas and Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Brassolini http://tolweb.org/Brassolini/70271/2008.01.30 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 30 January 2008 (under construction).