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Saponaria ocymoidesDrosera capensisPolygonum orientale
taxon links [down<--]Core_Eudicots [up-->]core Caryophyllales Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Relationships after Cuénoud et al. (2002)
Containing group: Core Eudicots


Albert, V. A., S. E. Williams, and M. W. Chase. 1992. Carnivorous plants: phylogeny and structural evolution. Science 257:1491-1495.

Cu?noud, P., V. Savolainen, L. W. Chatrou, M. Powell, R. J. Grayer, and M. W. Chase. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of Caryophyllales based on nuclear 18S rDNA and plastid rbcL, atpB, and matK DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 89:132-144.

Downie, S. R., D. S. Katz-Downie, and K. Cho 1997. Relationships in the Caryophyllales as suggested by phylogenetic analyses of partial chloroplast DNA ORF2280 homolog sequences. American Journal of Botany 84:253-273.

Fay, M. F., K. M. Cameron, G. T. Prance, M. D. Lledo, and M. W. Chase. 1997. Familial relationships of Rhabdodendron (Rhabdodendraceae): Plastid rbcL sequences indicate a caryophyllid placement. Kew Bulletin 52:923-932.

Hilu, K. W., T. Borsch, K. M?ller, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, V. Savolainen, M. W. Chase, M. P. Powell, L. A. Alice, R. Evans, H. Sauquet, C. Neinhuis, T. A. B. Slotta, J. G. Rohwer, C. S. Campbell, and L. W. Chatrou. 2003. Angiosperm phylogeny based on matK sequence information. American Journal of Botany 90(12):1758-1776.

Lled?, M. D., M. B. Crespo, K. M. Cameron, M. F. Fay, and M. W. Chase. 1998. Systematics of Plumbaginaceae based on cladistic analysis of rbcL sequence data. Systematic Botany 23:21-29.

Meimberg, H., P. Dittrich, G. Bringmann, J. Schlauer, and G. Heubl. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Caryophyllidae s. l. based on matK sequences with special emphasis on carnivorous taxa. Plant Biology 2:218-228.

Nandi, O. I., M. W. Chase, and P. K. Endress. 1998. A combined cladistic analysis of angiosperms using rbcL and non-molecular data sets. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 85:137-212.

Rettig, J. H., H. D. Wilson, and J. M. Manhart. 1992. Phylogeny of Caryophyllales-gene sequence data. Taxon 41:201-209.

Savolainen, V., M. F. Fay, D. C. Albach, A. Backlund, M. van der Bank, K. M. Cameron, S. A. Johnson, M. D. Lled?, J.-C. Pintaud, M. Powell, M. C. Sheahan, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, P. Weston, W. M. Whitten, K. J. Wurdack, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Phylogeny of the eudicots: a nearly complete familial analysis based on rbcl gene sequences. Kew Bulletin 55:257-309.

Soltis, D. E., P. S. Soltis, M. W. Chase, M. E. Mort, D. C. Albach, M. Zanis, V. Savolainen, W. H. Hahn, S. B. Hoot, M. F. Fay, M. Axtell, S. M. Swensen, L. M. Prince, W. J. Kress, K. C. Nixon, and J. S. Farris. 2000. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133:381-461.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Saponaria ocymoides
Comments Core Caryophyllales, Caryophyllaceae. Cultivated at the Botanical Garden Basel, Switzerland.
Acknowledgements courtesy Botanical Image Database
Copyright © 2001 University of Basel
Scientific Name Drosera capensis
Comments Droseraceae
Acknowledgements courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 2001
Scientific Name Polygonum orientale
Comments Polygonaceae
Copyright © Kurt St?ber
About This Page
Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Caryophyllales. caryophyllids. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Caryophyllales/20703/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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