Histioteuthis mirandaRichard E. Young and Michael Vecchione
H. miranda is often the most common histioteuthid captured within its habitat. This species is believed to be associated with shallow ocean-floor topography. It is broadly distributed in southern waters but Voss et al., 1998, found no indication of population differentiation throughout the range of this species.
- Arms I with 14-19 tubercules; arms II with 11-16 tubercules and arms III with 7-13.
- Length of tubercule-rows 19-39% of arm lengths.
- Arms IV with 5 longitudinal series on arm base.
CommentsMore details of the description can be found here.
Species of the miranda-group are distinguished by the following characteristics:
- Present on dorsal midline of mantle and aboral surface of arms I-III.
- In 5-6 series on arm IV base.
- Compound photophores of uniform, medium size on anterior 3/4 of ventral mantle.
H. miranda is most easily separated from the other member of the miranda-group, H. oceani, by (1) the lesser number of photophores on the base of arms IV (5 vs 6), (2) the lesser number of tubercules in on each arm, (3) the lesser length of the tubercule rows on the arms, and the divided buccal connectives to arms II (attach to arms I and II).
The above data are taken from Voss, et al. (1998).
Type locality: South by southeast of Gabo Island, Victoria, Australia (ca. 38°S,150°E). H. miranda is found off southwest Africa eastward to the Australia-New Zealand area. It occurs near continental slopes, islands and submarine rises (Voss, et al., 1998).
Voss, N. A. 1969. A monograph of the Cephalopoda of the North Atlantic: The family Histioteuthidae. Bull. Mar. Sci., 19: 713-867.
Voss, N.A., K. N. Nesis, P. G. Rodhouse. 1998. The cephalopod family Histioteuthidae (Oegopsida): Systematics, biology, and biogeography. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 586(2): 293-372.
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Young, Richard E. and Michael Vecchione. 2000. Histioteuthis miranda http://tolweb.org/Histioteuthis_miranda/19806/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 01 January 2000 (under construction).