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Magnapinna sp. A Vecchione and Young

Containing group: Magnapinnidae

Introduction

Magnapinna sp. A is based on two specimens taken from the North Atlantic.  The holotype (US National Museum of Natural History cat. no. USNM xxxxxx), 59 mm ML, immature female, was captured in the Gulf of Mexico at 27°09’N, 86°07’W on 16 Sept., 1995. It was captured intact with damage only to the tips of the appendages.

Diagnosis

A magnapinnid with:

Characteristics

  1. Arms
    1. Arms short, thick, weakly muscled and decreasing abruptly in diameter distally to form sucker-bearing filaments (mostly lost due to damage)
    2. Proximal-arms with suckers in two series (except at tips in some proximal-arms), ocasionally appearing slightly irregular.

  2. Tentacles
    1. Proximal-tentacles more slender than arms IV.
    2. Proximal- tentacles short, thin and without suckers; distal-tentacles (filaments) very narrow and bearing small suckers mostly around 0.08 mm in diameter.
    3. Distal third of proximal-tentacle with large, apparently glandular, lobes.
    4. Figure. Left - Oral view of the brachial crown of Magnapinna sp. A, holotype. Right - Oral view of the left proximal tentacle and arm IV of Magnapinna sp. A, holotype, showing their relative thicknesses and the glandular regions of the proximal tentacle (yellowish tint). The distal tentacle and arm are missing. Note the broad lateral membrane on arm IV. Photographs by R. Young.

  3. Fins and tail
    1. Fins extremely large, about 90% of the mantle length.
    2. Fins appear not to have been drawn-out into V-shaped point.
    3. Tail presently a bare gladius with tip missing; extends at least 4 mm beyond fins.
    4. Figure. Dorsal view of the posterior half of the fins of Magnapinna sp. A showing fin shape and the short gladius extending beyond the fins.

  4. Pigmentation
    1. Head, mantle, funnel, collars and fins with numerous scattered chromatophores.
    2. Figure. Dorsal view of a portion of the fins of Magnapinna sp. A, holotype, showing large chromatophores.

Comments

This description is based on the holotype.  More details of the holotype's description can be found here. The paratype is a smaller specimen (53 mm ML) and in less perfect condition. Information on the paratype can be found here.

Magnapinna sp. A differs greatly from M. pacifica in the much thinner tentacles, the lack of suckers on the proximal tentacles, the presence of large, glandular regions on the proximal tentacles, two sucker series on the arms rather than three to four and numerous other features. These differences are great enough to suggest that they may belong in separate genera. The thin, bare proximal-tentacles are shared with the other Atlantic species.

References

Fischer, H. and L. Joubin. 1907. Expéditions scientifiques du TRAVAILLEUR et du TALISMAN. Céphalopodes, 8: 313-353.

Hardy, A. 1956. The Open Sea. Fisher, J., J. Gilmour, J. Huxley, M. Davies, and E. Hosking, Eds., Collins, London, 1956.

M. Vecchione, R.E. Young, A. Guerra, D.J. Lindsay, D.A. Clague, J.M. Bernhard, W.W. Sager, A.F. Gonzalez, F.J. Rocha, and M. Segonzac. 2001. Worldwide observations of remarkable deep-sea squids. Science, 294: 2505-2506.

Vecchione, M., Young R. E. Submitted. The squid family Magnapinnidae (Mollusca; Cephalopoda) in the North Atlantic with a description of a new species.

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Magnapinna talismani and Magnapinna sp. A
Location Gulf of Mexico, 27?45'N, 88?31'W, at 1940 m depth
Reference Vecchione, M., Young R. E. Submitted. The squid family Magnapinnidae (Mollusca; Cephalopoda) in the North Atlantic with a description of a new species

Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Sex Female
View Ventral/dorsal
Size 59 mm ML
Type Holotype
Copyright © Richard E. Young
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2006. Magnapinna sp. A Vecchione and Young. Version 31 May 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Magnapinna_sp._A/52204/2006.05.31 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org

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Magnapinna sp. A

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