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Onychoteuthis borealijaponicus Okada, 1927

Michael Vecchione, Richard E. Young, and Kotaro Tsuchiya
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Containing group: Onychoteuthis

Introduction

Onychoteuthis borealijaponicus is the most abundant onychoteuthid in the temperate to boreal North Pacific. It is the largest member of the genus, reaching a ML of 350 mm. The large number of hooks on the tentacular clubs, the most of any member of the genus, allows easy identification.

Diagnosis

An Onychoteuthis ...

Characteristics

  1. Tentacular club
    1. Club with 24-27 hooks.
    2. Club without any marginal suckers in subadults.
    3. Several distal ventral-series hooks have spikes (arrow in bottom photograph points to most obvious spike).
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      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Oral views of the tentacular club of O. borealijaponicus. Top - Full club, 81 mm ML, off southern California. Drawing from Young (1972). Bottom - Distal portion of preserved tentacular club, 175 mm ML, 45°N, 175°W. Photograph by R. Young.

  2. Photophores
    1. Visceral photophores slender: Posterior visceral photophore width ave. 61% of length (range 53-69%).
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      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Ventral views of visceral photophores: Top left - O. borealijaponicus, 81 mm ML, off southern California. Drawing from Young (1972). Bottom left - Onychoteuthis sp., off Florida, with larger, round photophores. Drawing from Young (1972). Right - O. borealijaponicus, 78 mm ML, preserved. Photograph by R. Young.

Comments

Additional features of the description can be found here.

Life History

O. borealijaponicus migrates into subarctic waters to feed during the summer and returns to subtropical waters for spawning in fall and winter; males mature at about 250 mm ML and females at 300-350 mm ML (Kubodera, et al., 1998).

Distribution

The type locality is the waters off Japan. This species occurs in the North Pacific from the Aleutian Islands to southern Japan and Baja California (Nesis, 1982/87).

References

Kubodera, T., U. Piakowski, T. Okutani and M. R. Clarke. 1998 Taxonomy and zoogeography of the family Onychoteuthidae. Smiths. Contr. to Zoology, No. 585: 277-291.

Nesis, K. N. 1982/87. Abridged key to the cephalopod mollusks of the world's ocean. 385+ii pp. Light and Food Industry Publishing House, Moscow. (In Russian.). Translated into English by B. S. Levitov, ed. by L. A. Burgess (1987), Cephalopods of the world. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 351pp.

Young, R. E. 1972. The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off Southern California. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 97: 1-159.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Onychoteuthis borealijaponica
Location Off Southern California, USA
Reference Young, R. E. 1972. The systematics and areal distribution of pelagic cephalopods from the seas off Southern California. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 97: 1-159.
Size 50 mm ML
Copyright © Richard E. Young
About This Page


National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D. C. , USA

Richard E. Young
University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA


Tokyo University of Fisheries, Tokyo, Japan

Citing this page:

Vecchione, Michael, Young, Richard E., and Tsuchiya, Kotaro. 2007. Onychoteuthis borealijaponicus Okada, 1927. Version 09 July 2007 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Onychoteuthis_borealijaponicus/19963/2007.07.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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