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Orbiculariae

Jonathan Coddington
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Banded ArgiopeSouth American widow spider
taxon links [down<--]Entelegynae [up-->]Linyphiidae Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

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You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Tree from Griswold et al. 1998.

Containing group: Entelegynae

References

Agnarsson, I. 2004. Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141:447-626.

Coddington, J.A. 2005. Phylogeny and Classification of Spiders. In D. Ubick, P. Paquin, P. E. Cushing, and V. Roth (eds.) Spiders of North America: an identification manual, American Arachnological Society. 377 pages. Chapter 2, pp. 18-24.

Coddington, J. A. and H. W. Levi. 1991. Systematics and evolution of spiders (Araneae). Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 22:565-592.

Griswold, C. E., J. A. Coddington, G. Hormiga, and N. Scharff. 1998. Phylogeny of the orb-web building spiders (Araneae, Orbiculariae: Deinopoidea, Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 123:1-99.

Foelix, R.F. 1996. Biology of Spiders. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford. 330pp.

Jocqu?, R. & A.S. Dippenaar-Schoeman. 2006. Spider Families of the World. Mus?e Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tevuren. 336pp.

Hormiga, G., N. Scharff, and J. A. Coddington. 2000. The phylogenetic basis of sexual size dimorphism in orb-weaving spiders (Araneae, Orbiculariae). Systematic Biology 49:435-462.

Platnick, N.I. 2006. The World Spider Catalog, Version 7.0. http://research.amnh.org/entomology/spiders/catalog/INTRO1.html.

Scharff, N. and J. A. Coddington. 1997. A phylogenetic analysis of the orb-weaving spider family Araneidae (Arachnida, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 120:355-434.

Sch?tt, K. 2003. Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae s.l. (Araneae, Araneoidea). Zoologica Scripta 32(2):129-151.

Ubick, D., P. Paquin, P.E. Cushing & V.D. Roth. 2005. Spiders of North America: an identification manual. American Arachnological Society, 377pp.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Banded Argiope
Scientific Name Argiope trifasciata
Comments Banded Argiope
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © Leon Higley, Department of Entomology, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
South American widow spider
Scientific Name Latrodectus curacaviensis
Location Bahia (Brazil)
Comments South American widow spider
Acknowledgements Photograph courtesy CalPhotos
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 1994
About This Page

Jonathan Coddington
Smithsonian Institution

Citing this page:

Coddington, Jonathan. 2006. Orbiculariae. Version 07 December 2006 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Orbiculariae/2698/2006.12.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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