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Philaethria dido (Linnaeus 1763)

Margarita Beltrán and Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Containing group: Philaethria

Introduction

A widespread neotropical species. The butterflies are rapid fliers that prefer to spend their time in the forest canopy, but may be encountered in sunny areas where trees have fallen. Note that fresh specimens exhibit a bright lime-green color on both surfaces of the wings, but that this fades in museum specimens, such as those illustrated above. Like all members of Heliconiina, Philaethria dido larvae feed on various Passiflora species (see Habits), but unlike many Heliconius, appear to specialize on older leaves (DeVries, 1987).

Characteristics

Early Stages: Eggs are yellow and approximately 1.5 x 1.2 mm (h x w). Females usually place eggs singly under older leaves of the host plant.  Mature larvae have a white body with black and red stripes, with black, white and red scoli and yellow head; length is around 2.3 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious in small numbers (Brown, 1981).

Habits

Philaethria dido occurs in dense forests. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the canopy. Adults roost solitarily at night under leaves (Brown, 1981).

Hostplant: Philaethria dido larvae feed primarily on plants from the subgenera Astropea, Distephana and Granadilla (Passifloraceae)(Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica larvae feed on Passiflora vitifolia, P. edulis and P. ambigua (Passifloraceae) (DeVries, 1987).

Geographical races/subspecies

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Philaethria dido chocoensis, dorsal surface. © 2010 Luis Constantino

Philaethria dido chocoensis ventral surface. © 2010 Luis Constantino

References

Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.

Constantino, L. M. 1999 Nuevas especies y subespecies y un nuevo g?nero de Ropaloceros del occidente de Colombia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae, Ithomiinae, Heliconiinae). Bolet?n Cient?fico Museo de Historia Natural, Manizales, Colombia 3: 57-68.

DeVries P. J. 1987 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.

Linnaeus C. 1763 Centuria insectorum rariorum. Upsala. [vi] + 32 pp.

Title Illustrations
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Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Philaethria dido
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
View dorsal
Collection Gerardo Lamas
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0.
Copyright ©
Scientific Name Philaethria dido
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
View ventral
Collection Gerardo Lamas
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0.
Copyright ©
About This Page


University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK


Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Margarita Beltr?n at and Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Philaethria dido (Linnaeus 1763). Authored by Margarita Beltr?n and Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Beltrán, Margarita and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2010. Philaethria dido (Linnaeus 1763). Version 25 August 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Philaethria_dido/72873/2010.08.25 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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