Philaethria didoMargarita Beltrán and Andrew V. Z. Brower
Early Stages: Eggs are yellow and approximately 1.5 x 1.2 mm (h x w). Females usually place eggs singly under older leaves of the host plant. Mature larvae have a white body with black and red stripes, with black, white and red scoli and yellow head; length is around 2.3 cm. Caterpillars are gregarious in small numbers (Brown, 1981).
Philaethria dido occurs in dense forests. Usually individuals fly rapidly in the canopy. Adults roost solitarily at night under leaves (Brown, 1981).
Hostplant: Philaethria dido larvae feed primarily on plants from the subgenera Astropea, Distephana and Granadilla (Passifloraceae)(Brown, 1981). In Costa Rica larvae feed on Passiflora vitifolia, P. edulis and P. ambigua (Passifloraceae) (DeVries, 1987).
- Philaethria dido dido (Linnaeus, 1763) is widespread in Central and tropical South America.
- Philaethria dido chocoensis Constantino, 1999 is endemic to the Chocó region of northwestern Colombia.
Brown K. S. 1981 The Biology of Heliconius and Related Genera. Annual Review of Entomology 26, 427-456.
Constantino, L. M. 1999 Nuevas especies y subespecies y un nuevo g?nero de Ropaloceros del occidente de Colombia (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae, Nymphalidae, Charaxinae, Ithomiinae, Heliconiinae). Bolet?n Cient?fico Museo de Historia Natural, Manizales, Colombia 3: 57-68.
DeVries P. J. 1987 The Butterflies of Costa Rica and Their Natural History, Volume I: Papilionidae, Pieridae, Nymphalidae Princeton University Press, Baskerville, USA.
Linnaeus C. 1763 Centuria insectorum rariorum. Upsala. [vi] + 32 pp.
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- First online 21 February 2007
- Content changed 25 August 2010
Citing this page:
Beltrán, Margarita and Andrew V. Z. Brower. 2010. Philaethria dido http://tolweb.org/Philaethria_dido/72873/2010.08.25 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 25 August 2010 (under construction).