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Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkii Girard 1852

Keith A. Crandall, James W. Fetzner, Jr., and Horton H. Hobbs, Jr.
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Containing group: Procambarus (Scapulicambarus)


Destroyed in Chicago fire, 1871 (Faxon, 1914:414).

Type Locality

Between San Antonio and El Paso del Norte, Texas.


Northern Mexico to Escambia County, Florida, and north to southern Illinois and Ohio. Widely introduced in the United States and elsewhere; Huner (1986) recored the following introductions: Arizona, California, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Indiana, Maryland, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Island of Cyprus, Japan, Kenya, People's Republic of China, Portugal, Spain, Taiwan, and Uganda. It has also been introduced into Oklahoma and into Utah (Johnson, 1986:630). Limited cultivation is in progress in Colombia, France, and Zambia, and introductions are planned or have been made in Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Venezuela, and Zimbabwe.


Lentic and lotic situations and burrows (tertiary burrower).


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Conservation Status

Currently stable.


Faxon, Walter. 1914. Notes on the Crayfishes in the United States National Museum and the Museum of Comparative Zoology with Descriptions of New Species and Subspecies to Which is Appended a Catalogue of the Known Species and Subspecies. Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College, 40(8): 351-427, 13 plates.

Girard, Charles. 1852. A Revision of the North American Astaci, with Observations on Their Habits and Geographical Distribution. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 6: 87-91.

Hobbs, H. H. Jr. 1989. An Illustrated Checklist of the American Crayfishes (Decapoda: Astacidae, Cambaridae, and Parastacidae). Smithsonian Institution Press.

Huner, Jay V. 1986. Crawfish Introductions Affect Louisiana Industry. Crawfish Tales, 5(3): 16-18.

Johnson, James E. 1986. Inventory of Utah Crayfish with Notes on Current Distribution. Great Basin Naturalist, 46(4): 625-631, figure 1.

Taylor, C. A., M. L. Warren, Jr., J. F. Fitzpatrick, Jr., H. H. Hobbs III, R. F. Jezerinac, W. L. Pflieger, and H. W. Robison. 1996. Conservation Status of Crayfishes of the United States and Canada. Fisheries 21:4.

Title Illustrations
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Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkii
Photo copyright © 1998 Keith A. Crandall

Copyright © Keith A. Crandall
About This Page
Page constructed by Emily Browne.

Keith A. Crandall
Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA

James W. Fetzner, Jr.
Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA

Horton H. Hobbs, Jr.
Wittenberg University, Springfield, Ohio, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Keith A. Crandall at

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Crandall, Keith A., James W. Fetzner, Jr., and Horton H. Hobbs, Jr. 2001. Procambarus (Scapulicambarus) clarkii Girard 1852. Version 01 January 2001 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Procambarus_%28Scapulicambarus%29_clarkii/7655/2001.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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