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Pronophilina

Andrew V. Z. Brower
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Containing group: Satyrini

Introduction

A large neotropical clade of grass and bamboo-feeding satyrines. There are several apparent subclades–a south-temperate group of genera, and three mainly Andean clades with their main diversity occurring above 2000 m. Many species remain undescribed.

References

Forster W. 1964. Beitr?ge zur Kenntnis der Insektenfauna Boliviens. XIX. Einleitung Lepidoptera III. Satyridae. Ver?ffentlichungen der zoologischen Staatsammlung M?nchen 3: 81-160, plates 25-33.

Hayward KJ. 1953. Satiridos Argentinos (Lep. Rhop. Satyridae) I. Los generos (excluido Euptychia y Neomaniola). Acta Zool. Lilloana 13: 151-159.

Hayward KJ. 1958. Satiridos Argentinos (Lep. Rhop. Satyridae) II. Los g?neros (continuaci?n). Acta Zool. Lilloana 15: 161-182.

Thieme O. 1905. Monographie der Gattung Pedaliodes Butl. (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Satyridae). Berl. Entom. Zeitschr. 49: 43-141, plates 1-3.

Thieme O. 1907. Monographische bearbeitung der Gattungen Lasiophila Felder, Daedalma Hew., Catargynnis R?ber, Oxeoschistus Butl., Pronophila Westw., Corades Doubl. Hew. (Lepidoptera Rhopalocera. Satyridae). Berl. Ent. zeit. 51: 99-234, plates 3-5.

Viloria AL. 2003. Historical biogeography and the origins of the satyrine butterflies of the Tropical Andes (Insecta: Lepidoptera, Rhopalocera). In: Morrone JJ and Llorente-Bousquets J, eds. Una perspectiva latinoamericana de la biogeograf?a. M?xico, D. F.: Las Prensas de Ciencias, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM. 247-261.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Corades medeba
Location Cock of the Rock Lodge, Manu, Peru
Acknowledgements source: Neotropical Butterflies: Medeba Satyr
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 2004 Kim Garwood
Scientific Name Oxeoschistus puerta
Location Cana Field Station, Darien, Panama
Acknowledgements source: Neotropical Butterflies: Puerta Satyr
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Copyright © 2003 Will and Gill Carter
Scientific Name Eretris subpunctata
Location Pampa Hermosa Lodge, Chanchamayo Valley, Peru
Acknowledgements source: Neotropical Butterflies: Subpuntata Satyr
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Copyright © 2005 Kim Garwood
About This Page


Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2006. Pronophilina. Version 16 November 2006 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Pronophilina/70804/2006.11.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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