This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
The relationships of Pseudergolini have been enigmatic for long. Traditionally, they have been placed in the Limenitidinae, with one species (Amnosia decora) even being transfered to the tribe Nymphalini. Molecular data has given a much clearer picture, confirming that the Pseudergolini is a monophyletic group (Wahlberg et al. 2003, 2005). Pseudergolini clearly belongs to the nymphaline clade of Wahlberg et al. (2003), however the sister group is still not clear. Wahlberg et al. (2003) suggested that Cyrestini is the sister group, however, a larger sampling of taxa did not corroborate this (Wahlberg et al. 2005). The potential sister groups are Nymphalinae, Apaturinae, Biblidinae and Cyrestini.
Wahlberg et al. (2005) sampled only one species per genus. However, species within genera are very similar to one another, and the genera differ significantly from each other morphologically. Thus the sister relationships of species within genera appears to be quite certain.
Wahlberg, N., A. V. Z. Brower, and S. Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86:227-251.
Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner, and S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473-484.
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at
Page copyright © 2006 Niklas Wahlberg
- First online 25 September 2006
- Content changed 05 October 2006
Citing this page:
Wahlberg, Niklas. 2006. Pseudergolini. Version 05 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pseudergolini/69948/2006.10.05 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/