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Niklas Wahlberg
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taxon links [down<--]Nymphalidae Interpreting the tree
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The relationships of genera in Pseudergolini are based on the study by Wahlberg et al (2005).
Containing group: Nymphalidae


Pseudergolini is a small tribe which is found in SE Asia and New Guinea (one species).

Phylogenetic Position of Pseudergolini

The relationships of Pseudergolini have been enigmatic for long. Traditionally, they have been placed in the Limenitidinae, with one species (Amnosia decora) even being transfered to the tribe Nymphalini. Molecular data has given a much clearer picture, confirming that the Pseudergolini is a monophyletic group (Wahlberg et al. 2003, 2005). Pseudergolini clearly belongs to the nymphaline clade of Wahlberg et al. (2003), however the sister group is still not clear. Wahlberg et al. (2003) suggested that Cyrestini is the sister group, however, a larger sampling of taxa did not corroborate this (Wahlberg et al. 2005). The potential sister groups are Nymphalinae, Apaturinae, Biblidinae and Cyrestini.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Wahlberg et al. (2005) sampled only one species per genus. However, species within genera are very similar to one another, and the genera differ significantly from each other morphologically. Thus the sister relationships of species within genera appears to be quite certain. 


Wahlberg, N., A. V. Z. Brower, and S. Nylin. 2005. Phylogenetic relationships and historical biogeography of tribes and genera in the subfamily Nymphalinae (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 86:227-251.

Wahlberg, N., E. Weingartner, and S. Nylin. 2003. Towards a better understanding of the higher systematics of Nymphalidae (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28:473-484.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Amnosia decora
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Identified By Niklas Wahlberg
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Body Part Whole
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Copyright © Niklas Wahlberg
About This Page

Niklas Wahlberg
Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Niklas Wahlberg at

Citing this page:

Wahlberg, Niklas. 2006. Pseudergolini. Version 05 October 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Pseudergolini/69948/2006.10.05 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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