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Rossia Owen, 1834

Richard E. Young and Michael Vecchione
The following 10 nominal species are recognized in the genus.
Containing group: Rossiinae


Species of Rossia are small (less than 50 mm ML in many species), benthic sepiolids generally found in depths greater than 50m.


A rossiin ...


  1. Arms
    1. No greatly enlarged suckers in middle of arms II and III.
    2. Both arms I hectocotylized.

  2. Tentacles
    1. Clubs expanded.
    2. Club suckers in 6-12 series.

  3. Photophores
    1. Photophores absent from ink sac.

  4. Viscera
    1. Ink sac functional.
    2. Anal flaps well developed.
    3. Epirenal bodies known to be present only in Rossia bullisi (Boletzky, 1971).


Arctic, boreal Atlantic and Pacific; tropical western Atlantic Ocean (Nesis, 1982/1987).


Boletzky, S. v. 1971. Neorossia, n.g. pro Rossia caroli Joubin, 1902, with remarks on the generic status of Semirossia Steenstrup, 1887 (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Bull. Mar. Sci. 21: 964-969.

Nesis, K. N. 1982. Abridged key to the cephalopod mollusks of the world's ocean. 385+ii pp. Light and Food Industry Publishing House, Moscow. (In Russian.). Translated into English by B. S. Levitov, ed. by L. A. Burgess (1987), Cephalopods of the world. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 351pp.

Voss, G. L. 1956. Review of the cephalopods of the Gulf of Mexico. Bull. Mar. Sci. Gulf Carib. 6: 85-178.

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Rossia
Location continental slope, western North Atlantic
Comments photographed from a submersible on the continental slope, western North Atlantic
Copyright © 1996 M. G. Harasewych
About This Page

Richard E. Young

Dept of Oceanography
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

National Marine Fisheries Service
Systematics Laboratory
National Museum of Natural History
Washington, D. C. 20560

Citing this page:

Young, Richard E. and Vecchione, Michael. 1996. Rossia Owen, 1834. Version 01 January 1996 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Rossia/20024/1996.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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