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This is an archived version of a Tree of Life page. For up-to-date information, please refer to the current version of this page.


taxon links [down<--]Paleognathae [up-->]Tinamotis [up-->]Eudromia [up-->]Nothura [up-->]Nothoprocta [up-->]Crypturellus [up-->]Tinamus [up-->]Nothocercus Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Inferred relationships within the family Tinamidae through combined analysis of morphological and molecular (nuclear and mitochondiral DNA) data (Bertelli and Porzecanski, 2004).
Containing group: Paleognathae


Bertelli, S. 2004. Pigmentation characters: An example of Sankoff characters from Tinamou phylogeny. Ornitolog?a Neotropical 15: 285-291.

Bertelli, S., and A. L. Porzecanski. 2004. Tinamou (Tinamidae) systematics: a preliminary combined analysis of morphology and molecules. Ornitologia Neotropical 15 (Supp.): 1-8.

Bertelli, S., N. P. Giannini, and P. Goloboff. 2002. A phylogeny of the tinamous (Aves : Palaeognathiformes) based on integumentary characters. Systematic Biology 51: 959-979.

Bertelli, S., and P. L. Tubaro. 2002. Body mass and habitat correlates of song structure in a primitive group of birds. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 77: 423-430.

von Boettischer, H. 1934. Beitr?age zu einem phylogentisch begr?ndeten nat?rlichen System der Steissh?hner (Tinami) auf Grund einer taxonomisch verwertbaren Charaktere. Jena Z. Naturwiss. 69:169?192.

Cabot, J. 1992. Order Tinamiformes. Pp 112?138 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliot, and J. Sargatal (eds.), Handbook of the birds of the world. Volume 1. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Davies, S. J. J. F. 2002. Ratites and Tinamous. Oxford University Press, New York.

De Kloet, S. R. 2002. Molecular sex identification of tinamous with PCR using primers derived from the spindlin gene. Molecular Ecology Notes 2: 465-466.

De Kloet, R. S., and S. R. De Kloet. 2003. Evolution of the spindlin gene in birds: independent cessation of the recombination of sex chromosomes at the spindlin locus in neognathous birds and tinamous, a palaeognathous avian family. Genetica 119: 333-342.

Jehl, J. R., Jr. 1971. The color patterns of downy young ratites and tinamous. Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist. 16:292?301.

Maijer, S. 1996. Distinctive song of highland form maculicollis of the Red-winged Tinamou (Rhynchotus rufescens): Evidence for species rank. Auk 113: 695-697.

Miranda-Ribeiro, A. de. 1938. Notas ornithol?gicas, Tinamidae. Rev. Mus. Paulista 23:667?788.

Salvadori, T. 1895. Catalogue of the Chenomorphe (Palamedeae, Phoenicopteri, Anseres), Cryturi, and Ratitae in the collection of the British Museum. British Museum (Natural History), London.

Tubaro, P. L., and S. Bertelli. 2003. Female-biased sexual size dimorphism in tinamous: a comparative test fails to support Rensch's rule. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 80: 519-527.

Ward, R. A. 1957. A study of the host distribution and some relationships of Mallophaga parasites on birds on the order Tinamiformes. Part I. Ann. Entonol. Soc. Am. 50:335?353.

Withers, P. C., R. B. Forbes, and M. S. Hedrick. 1987. Metabolic, water, and thermal relations of the Chilean Tinamou. Condor 89: 424-426.

About This Page
Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2005. Tinamiformes. Version 19 December 2005 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Tinamiformes/15838/2005.12.19 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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