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Scientific Name Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae
Reference Stolze-Rybczynski, J. L., Y. Cui, M. H. H. Stevens, D. J. Davis, M. W. F. Fischer, and N. P. Money. 2009. Adaptation of the Spore Discharge Mechanism in the Basidiomycota. PLoS ONE 4(1): e4163 doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0004163
Source Adaptation of the Spore Discharge Mechanism in the Basidiomycota
Source Collection Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Movie Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 2.5.
Copyright © 2009 J. L. Stolze-Rybczynski, Y. Cui, M. H. H. Stevens, D. J. Davis, M. W. F. Fischer, and N. P. Money
Attached to Group Pucciniales: view page movie collection
Title Ballistospore discharge in a rust fungus
Description Ultra-high speed video clip showing ballistospore discharge in rust fungus Gymnosporangium juniperi-virginianae. Spore discharge is achieved by the formation and collapse of a fluid droplet, called Buller's drop, on the wet spore surface.
Movie Type Documentary
Movie Content Specimen(s)
Technical Information Frame rate = 60,000 f.p.s.
Video recordings were made with FASTCAM-ultima APX and APX-RS cameras (Photron, San Diego, CA) attached to an inverted compound microscope fitted with long-working distance objectives (Olympus, Tokyo). Each video clip was compiled from ≤100 image files extracted from recordings consisting up to 1 million images captured in ≤4 s (e.g., 1 million image files captured with 2 Ás shutter at 250,000 fps in 4 s). Analysis of digital images was performed using VideoPoint v.2.5 (Lenox Softworks, Lenox MA), Image-Pro Plus 6.2 (Media Cybernetics, Bethesda, MD), and proprietary software from Photron.
ID 35679
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