- Support Material Type:
An Ethogram is a list of behaviors with precise definitions, usually grouped into categories according to the kind of behavior. Some typical kinds of behaviors, especially when dealing with a group-living animal, might be solitary behaviors, food-related behaviors, social behaviors and aggressive behaviors. Many ethograms also include a code (letter and/or number) that the researcher can use on their data sheet as a shorthand notation for a particular behavior.
|Type of Behavior||Behavior||Code||Description of Behavior|
|Solitary||Groom self||GS||Animal engages in washing or smoothing its own fur or hair using tongue or forelimbs|
|Sleep||S||Animal assumes species-specific position for sleep, stays in one place and is not alert to environmental changes|
|Rest||R||Animal stays in one place but may be roused easily by environmental changes|
|Locomote||L||Animal moves from place to place|
|Food Related||Eat||E||Animal consumes food it finds in its environment|
|Look for Food||LF||Animal searches the environment for food items|
|Drink||D||Animal consumes water or other liquids found in its environment|
|Social||Groom Others||GO||Animal engages in washing or smoothing the fur or hair of another animal in its environment|
|Play||P||Animal engages in interactions with others that may involve locomotion, climbing, manipulating objects or other activities that show a relationship between two or more interacting animals|
|Aggressive||Fight||F||Animal engages in physical conflict with another animal in ite environment|
|Steal Food||SF||Animal approaches another animal that has located food in the environment and either by physical force or distraction, removed that food item from the vicinity of the other animal|
Information on the Internet
- Giant Panda Species Survival Plan: Behavior Ethogram (San Diego Zoo) An extremely detailed ethogram (list of behaviors, detailed definitions of behaviors and codes for a data sheet) that researchers use to study Giant Pandas at the San Diego Zoo.
- The Bicolored Tamarin Web Site: Sample Ethogram A sample ethogram used for observing tamarins. Note that the ethogram is divided into sections such as "social behavior," "solitary behavior," "food behavior," "aggressive behavior," etcetera.