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Neuroptera

Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, etc.

John D. Oswald
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taxon links [up-->]Nymphidae [up-->]Psychopsidae [up-->]Ascalaphidae [up-->]Chrysopidae [up-->]Hemerobiidae [up-->]Mantispidae [up-->]Dilaridae [up-->]Nemopteridae [up-->]Myrmeleontidae Phylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Endopterygota Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Endopterygota

Other Names for Neuroptera

References

Adams, P. A. 1958. Studies in the Neuroptera, with special reference to wing structure and evolution in the Osmyloidea. Ph.D. Dissertation. Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachussets. 120 pp. 16 plates with 79 figures.

Asp÷ck, U. 1992. Crucial points in the phylogeny of the Neuroptera (Insecta). Pp. 63-73 in Current Research in Neuropterology. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Neuropterology, M. Canard, H. Asp÷ck, and M. W. Mansell, eds. Toulouse. [Symposium held in BagnŔres-de-Luchon, France, 1991.] 8 figures.

Asp÷ck, U. 2002. Phylogeny of the Neuropterida (Insecta: Holometabola). Zoologica Scripta 31(1):51-55.

Asp÷ck, U.; Mansell, M. W. 1994. A revision of the family Rhachiberothidae Tjeder, 1959, stat. n. (Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology 19:181-206. 53 figures.

Asp÷ck, U., J. D. Plant, and H. L. Nemeschkal. 2001. Cladistic analysis of Neuroptera and their systematic position within Neuropterida (Insecta: Holometabola: Neuropterida: Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology 26(1):73-86.

Brooks, S. J. 1997. An overview of the current status of Chrysopidae (Neuroptera) systematics. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 44(2): 267-275.

Handlirsch, A. 1906-1908 [various]. Die fossilen Insekten und die Phylogenie der rezenten Formen. W. Engelmann, Leipzig. 1430 pp. Several plates with neuropterid figures. Dating: From information on p. ix: "Ausgegeben wurde: 1. Lieferung, Bogen 1-10, Tafel 1-9 im Mai 1906. 2. [Lieferung, Bogen] 11-20, [Tafel] 10-18 [im] Juni 1906. 3. [Lieferung, Bogen] 21-30, [Tafel] 19-27 [im] August 1906. 4. [Lieferung, Bogen] 31-40, [Tafel] 28-36 [im] Oktober 1906. 5. [Lieferung, Bogen] 41-50, [Tafel] 37-45 [im] Februar 1907. 6. [Lieferung, Bogen] 51-60, [Tafel] 46-51 [im] Juni 1907. 7. [Lieferung, Bogen] 61-70 im November 1907. 8. [Lieferung, Bogen] 71-80 [im] Januar 1908. 9. [Lieferung, Bogen] 81-90 [im] Juli 1980."

Haring, E. and Asp÷ck, U. 2004. Phylogeny of the Neuropterida: a first molecular approach. Systematic Entomology 29:415ľ430.

Henry, C. S. 1978 [1979.??.??]. An unusual ascalaphid larvae (Neuroptera: Ascalaphidae) from southern africa, with comments on larval evolution within the Myrmeleontoidea. Psyche 85:265-274. 4 figures.

MacLeod, E. G. 1964. Comparative morphological studies on the head capsule and cervix of larval Neuroptera (Insecta). Ph.D. Dissertation. Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachussets, U.S.A. 528 pp.

Mansell, M. W. 1992. The systematic position of the Nemopteridae (Insecta: Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). Pp. 233-241 in Current Research in Neuropterology. Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Neuropterology, M. Canard, H. Asp÷ck, and M. W. Mansell, eds. Toulouse. [Symposium held in BagnŔres-de-Luchon, France, 1991.] 1 figure.

Martynova, O. M. 1949. Mesozoic lacewings (Neuroptera) and their bearing on concepts of phylogeny and systematics of the order [in Russian]. Akademia nauk SSSR. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta 20:150-170. 11 figures.

Martynova, O. M. 1952. Permian Neuroptera of the USSR [in Russian]. Akademia nauk SSSR. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta 40:197-237. 32 figures.

Meinander, M. 1972. A revision of the family Coniopterygidae (Planipennia). Acta Zoologica Fennica 136:1-357. 223 figures.

Riek, E. F. 1976. The family Stilbopterygidae (Neuroptera) in Australia. Journal of the Australian Entomological Society 15:297-302. 6 figures.

Willmann, R. 1990. The phylogenetic position of the Rhachiberothinae and the basal sister-group relationships within the Mantispidae (Neuroptera). Systematic Entomology 15:253-265. 27 figures.

Winterton, S. L. and S. J. Brooks. 2002. Phylogeny of the apochrysine green lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae: Apochrysinae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 95(1): 16-28.

Withycombe, C. L. 1924-1925 [1925.02.20]. Some aspects of the biology and morphology of the Neuroptera. With special reference to the immature stages and their possible phylogenetic significance. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1924:303-411. 2 text figures and 6 plates with 37 figures. Dating: From note on reverse of title page of vol. 1924.

Zwick, P. 1967. Beschreibung der aquatischen Larve von Neurorthus [sic] fallax (Rambur) und Errichtung der neuen Planipennierfamilie Neurorthidae fam. nov. Gewasser und Abwasser 44/45:65-86. 10 figures.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Climaciella brunnea
Creator T. W. Davies
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Source Collection CalPhotos
Copyright © 1999 California Academy of Sciences
Scientific Name Nymphes myrmeleonides
Location Brisbane, Australia
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Copyright © Peter Chew
Scientific Name Myrmeleon pictifrons
Location Bulimba Creek, Wishart, Australia
Comments Antlion
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Copyright © Peter Chew
Scientific Name Nemoptera bipennis
Location Pe˝aflor, Zaragoza, Spain
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Nemoptera bipennis
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2008 Isidro MartÝnez
Scientific Name Libelloides sp.
Location Peloponnese, Greece
Comments Owlfly
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Copyright © 2002 Michal Hoskovec
About This Page

John D. Oswald
Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA

Page: Tree of Life Neuroptera. Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, etc.. Authored by John D. Oswald. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Oswald, John D. 1995. Neuroptera. Lacewings, antlions, owlflies, etc.. Version 01 January 1995 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Neuroptera/8220/1995.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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