Investigation of Echinacea angustifolia by Cameron


Echinacea angustifolia photograph © 2003 gwarcita, drawing © 1sagebrush16

Lakota name: On'glakcapi
sound iconListen to Lakota Plant Name: On'glakcapi

Scientific name: Echinacea angustifolia

Common name: Purple coneflower

Echinacea angustifolia, also known as purple coneflower, comes from the group Dicots and from the family AsteraceaeEchinacea angustifolia has white leaves with orange-like buds and leaves that have a frost-like appearance to them.

Native to the U.S., Echinacea angustifolia is neither a threat nor is it considered threatened (meaning it is not an invasive species nor is it considered endangered). Its habitat includes grasses, shrubs, forbs (a broad-leaved herb), and trees.

A commonly used herb to relieve or allay pain.  It is considered an antiseptic, a form of treatment for poisionous insect and snake bites, and a cure for toothaches and sore throats. The Lakota used Echinacea angustifolia for cases of thirst and perspiration as well as using the seed heads for combing their hair. Modern day uses of Echinacea angustifolia include its uses in stimulating the immune system and as a preparation against colds and flu.

One of Echinacea angustifolia's active ingredients is polyphenol. Polyphenols are a group of chemical substances found in plants. Popular belief claims that polyphenols may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

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Molecular structure of a polyphenol. © 1sagebrush16

Species similar to Echinacea angustifolia include Echinacea simulata, Echinacea pallida and Echinacea purpurea.

Learning Information

About This Page

Author: 1sagebrush16
Classroom Project: Medicinal Plants of the Lakota Sioux
Lead-Deadwood High School
Lead, South Dakota United States

License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to , Lead-Deadwood High School

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