Aleochara (Polystomota)Christian Maus and James S. Ashe (1947-2005)
- Aleochara grisea
- Aleochara punctatella
The subgenus Polystomota comprises two Western Palaearctic, seashore-dwelling species. Because of external similarities, it has frequently been confused in the literature with the subgenus Emplenota.
The members of this subgenus are distinguished by the following combination of characters: distinct microsculpture, especially on the forebody; hypomera not visible in lateral view; mesosternum completely carinate; aedeagal median lobe without ventral processes. They may also be distinguished from the externally similar Western Palaearctic species of the subgenus Emplenota by the pronotal pubescence pattern (LOHSE 1989).
Aleochara (P.) punctatella and A. (P.) grisea can be identified with the keys of LOHSE (1989), ASSING (1995) and WELCH (1997) (who, however does not distinguish between Emplenota and Polystomota). Keys published before LOHSE 1984 should not be used, because radical nomenclatorial and taxonomic changes were established in this paper and using the old names may lead to confusion.
Polystomota species live exclusively on seashores, where they are found under decaying seaweed and debris, and occasionally on carrion. A. (P.) grisea has been reared from Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in the laboratory, but the natural hosts may be other species (MAUS et al. in prep.).
As long as no further species of this subgenus are known, A. (P.) punctatella and A. (P.) grisea can be considered to be adelphotaxa.
Assing, V. 1995. The Palaearctic species of Emplenota Casey, Polystomota Casey, Triochara Bernhauer and Skenochara Bernhauer & Scheerpeltz, with descriptions of three new species (Coleoptera, Staphylinidae, Aleocharinae). Beitr. Ent. 45(1): 217-237
Lohse, G.A. 1984. 14. Nachtrag zum Verzeichnis der mitteleuropaeischen Kaefer. Ent. Bl. 80(2-3): 143-152
Lohse, G.A. 1989. 23. Familie Staphylinidae (II) (Aleocharinae). In: Lohse, G.A. & W.H. Lucht: Die Käfer Mitteleuropas. Band 12 (1. Supplementband). Goecke & Evers, Krefeld: 346 pp.
Maus, Ch., B. Mittmann & K. Peschke in prep.. Survey of host records of parasitoid Aleochara species (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) attacking cyclorrhaphous fly puparia: Review and new investigations.
Welch, C. 1997. The British species of the genus Aleochara Gravenhorst (Staphylinidae). Coleopterist 6(1): 1-45
James S. Ashe (1947-2005)
University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kansas, USA
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- First online 11 September 1998
Citing this page:
Maus, Christian and James S. Ashe (1947-2005). 1998. Aleochara (Polystomota). Version 11 September 1998 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Aleochara_%28Polystomota%29/9912/1998.09.11 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/