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Please note: Entries in the above species list are the original binomina of species according to Carlgren's 1949 catalog. Nomenclatorial inconsistencies need to be resolved in a future revision of this genus (see below).
Containing group: Aurelianidae


Aurelianidae with very wide pedal disc. Column without vesicles, smooth, divisible into scapus and capitulum, the former with a more or less distinct periderm, the latter containing spirocysts which are absent or almost so from the scapus. Fosse distinct. Sphincter fairly to very strongly pinnate circumscribed, with a distinct central axis of the mesogloea. Tentacles short, simple or somewhat lobed, comparatively few, arranged in cycles; two tentacles communicating with each main exocoel, two to four (six) with each main endocoel. Longitudinal muscles of tentacles and radial muscles of oral disc chiefly mesogloeal. One siphonoglyph. Mesenteries more numerous proximally than distally. All stronger mesenteries perfect, fertile and with strong pinnate, circumscribed retractors. Parietobasilar and basilar muscles well developed. The weaker mesenteries, in the proximal part of the body, without filaments. Cnidom: spirocysts, basitrichs, microbasic p-mastigophors.


Carlgren, O. 1949. A Survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakadamiens Handlingar, series 4, volume 1, number 1.

Title Illustrations
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Aureliana heterocera (originally described as Corynactis heterocera).
Photo copyright © 2000, Ron Ates.
Permission by Mr. P.G. Tranter to take this picture in the Marine Biological Station, Plymouth, England is gratefully acknowledged.

Copyright © 2000 Ron Ates
About This Page
The information provided on this page is based on Oscar Carlgren's 1949 catalog.
Copyright © 1949 Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Please note that Carlgren's text contains a number of errors, and much of the information is now out of date. An update of the catalog is currently under preparation in Daphne Fautin's laboratory, and the results of this work will be incorporated in future versions of this page.

Keyboarding of Carlgren's catalog was done as part of a project to create an electronic database of the sea anemones of the world, funded by NSF Grant DEB9521819, awarded to Daphne G. Fautin. This grant is in the program Partnerships to Enhance Expertise in Taxonomy (PEET). Susanne Hauswaldt, Katherine Pearson, and April Wakefield-Pagels contributed to the keyboarding effort.

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Daphne G. Fautin at

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Aureliana. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Aureliana/18688/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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