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Karl Kjer
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taxon links [up-->]Pseudoneureclipsinae [up-->]Hyalopsychinae [up-->]Dipseudopsinae Phylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Psychomyioidea Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Psychomyioidea


Dipseudopsidae is a relatively small family of about 170 species originally recognized by Ulmer (1904) as a subfamily of Polycentropodidae. Similarities in the larvae in the 2 major subfamilies provided convincing evidence that Hyalopsyche, at one time assigned to a separate family, Hyalopsychidae Lestage (e.g., Neboiss 1989), should be included with Dipseudopsis in the Dipseudopsidae (Wells & Cartwright 1993). Currently, 8 genera are recognized in 3 subfamilies: Dipseudopsinae with Dipseudopsis Walker, (ca. 80 species widespread in Africa and Asia), Limnoecetis Marlier (2 African species), and Protodipseudopis Ulmer (5 African species); Hyalopsychinae with Hyalopsyche Ulmer (10 Asian species), Hyalopsychella Ulmer (2 species from Borneo and Sulawesi), and Phylocentropus Banks (ca. 10 species from eastern North America, Southeast Asia, and Japan); and Pseudoneureclipsinae with Pseudoneureclipsis (more than 60 species from the western Palaearctic, Oriental, and Afrotropical regions) and Antillopsyche Banks (4
species from the Greater Antilles). (From Holzenthal et al. 2007a)


Larvae constructand live in elaborate nets, formed into elongate silken tubes covered with sand. These tubes are buried in the sediment in Phylocentropus, functioning like a siphon with the larva occupying a lateral branch.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Pseudoneureclipsinae was only relatively recently transferred to Dipseudopsidae from Polycentropodidae (Li et al. 2001, Tachet et al. 2001), based on cladistic considerations. Only Pseudoneureclpsis Ulmer was officially transferred to Dipseudopsidae, but Antillopsyche would have to be transferred also by inference, since it was placed in the same subfamily by Flint (1964).  Molecular data confirm that Pseudoneureclipsinae (including both Pseudoneureclpsis  and Antillopsyche) may not belong with the Polycentropodidae, but its placement within Dipseudopsidae is not always recovered, and some analyses place them as the sister taxon to Polycentropodidae (Holzenthal et al., 2007b). The larvae of Pseudoneureclipsinae have a very different morphology and ecology from typical Dipseudopsidae (Flint 1964, Tachet et al. 2001) and their placement in this family should be considered provisional.


Flint, O.S., Jr. (1964) The caddisflies (Trichoptera) of Puerto Rico. University of Puerto Rica, Agricultural Experiment Station, Technical Paper, 40, 1–80.

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007a. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 58 pp. 1668:639-698

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Kjer K.M and Prather, A.L. 2007b. An update on the phylogeny of Caddisflies (Trichoptera). Proceedings of the XIIth International Symposium on Trichoptera. Bueno-Soria, R. Barba-Alvearz and B. Armitage (Eds). pp. 143-153. The Caddis Press.

Li, Y.J., Morse, J.C. & Tachet, H. (2001) Psedoneureclipsinae in Dipseudopsidae (Trichoptera: Hydropsychoidea), with descriptions of two new species of Pseudoneureclipsis from east Asia. Aquatic Insects, 23, 107–117.

Neboiss, A. (1989) Caddis-flies (Trichoptera) of the families Polycentropodidae and Hyalopsychidae from Dumoga-Bone National Park, Sulawesi, Indonesia, with comments on identity of Polycentropus orientalis McLachlan. Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam, 12, 101–110.

Tachet, H., Morse, J.C. & Berly, A. (2001) The larva and pupa of Pseudoneureclipsis lusitanicus Malicky, 1980 (Trichoptera: Hydropsychoidea): description, ecological data and taxonomical considerations. Aquatic Insects, 23, 93–106.

Ulmer, G. (1904) Ueber Westafricanische Trichopteran. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 28, 353–359.

Wells, A. & Cartwright, D. (1993) Females and immatures of the Australian caddisfly Hyalopsyche disjuncta Neboiss (Trichoptera), and a new family placement. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 117, 97–104.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Dipseudopsis benardi
Location Mae Hong Son Thailand
Creator Karl Kjer
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Identified By Hans Malicky
Sex Male
Life Cycle Stage Adult
View Lateral
Source Collection Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
Scientific Name Dipseudopsis nebulosa
Location Pahang Malaysia
Creator Karl Kjer
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Identified By Ralph W. Holzenthal
Sex Male
Life Cycle Stage Adult
Collection Univeristy of Minnesota UMSP
Collector Clausen, P J
Source Collection Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
About This Page

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Dipseudopsidae. Authored by Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Kjer, Karl. 2010. Dipseudopsidae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Dipseudopsidae/14566/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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