CharacteristicsActiniaria with well-developed pedal disc but without basilar muscles. Column without vesicles and verrucae, nearly always with spirocysts. Margin tentaculate. No sphincter. Tentacles in variable number, often with their aboral side thickened, either in two alternating cycles or, owing to the curious development of the mesenteries, arranged in a way very different from the normal type, but usually in cycles. Longitudinal muscles of tentacles and radial muscles of oral disc ectodermal, with a slight mesogloeal tendency. Oral disc sometimes lobed. One siphonoglyph or two. Usually more mesenteries than the directives attached to the siphonoglyph. Arrangement of the mesenteries curious. After the first 12 mesenteries (six couples) are developed, all subsequent pairs appear in the lateral endocoels and have their longitudinal muscles oriented as in the directives. Cnidom: spirocysts, basitrichs, microbasic p-mastigophors.
Carlgren, O. 1949. A Survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakadamiens Handlingar, series 4, volume 1, number 1.
About This PageThe information provided on this page is based on Oscar Carlgren's 1949 catalog.
Copyright © 1949 Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Please note that Carlgren's text contains a number of errors, and much of the information is now out of date. An update of the catalog is currently under preparation in Daphne Fautin's laboratory, and the results of this work will be incorporated in future versions of this page.
Keyboarding of Carlgren's catalog was done as part of a project to create an electronic database of the sea anemones of the world, funded by NSF Grant DEB9521819, awarded to Daphne G. Fautin. This grant is in the program Partnerships to Enhance Expertise in Taxonomy (PEET). Susanne Hauswaldt, Katherine Pearson, and April Wakefield-Pagels contributed to the keyboarding effort.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Daphne G. Fautin at
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Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Endocoelantheae. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Endocoelantheae/17672/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/