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Epiponini Lucas 1867

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taxon links [up-->]Apoica [down<--]Polistinae Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Polistinae

References

Arevalo, E., Y. Zhu, J. M. Carpenter and J. E. Strassmann 2004. The phylogeny of the social wasp subfamily Polistinae: evi- dence from microsatellite flanking sequences, mitochondrial COI sequence, and morphological characters. BioMed Central Evolutionary Biology 4: 8.

Carpenter, J. M. 1991. Phylogenetic relationships and the origin of social behavior in the Vespidae. Pp. 732 in: K. G. Ross and R. W. Matthews (eds.), Social Biology of Wasps. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Pickett, K. M. and J. M. Carpenter. 2010. Simultaneous analysis and the origins of sociality in the Vespidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Arthropod Systematics and Phylogeny 68(1): 333.

Wenzel, J. W. 1991. Evolution of nest architecture in social vespids. Pp. 480519 in: K. G. Ross and R. W. Matthews (eds.), The Social Biology of Wasps. Cornell University Press, Ithaca.

Wenzel, J.W. and J.M. Carpenter 1994. Comparing methods: Adaptive traits and tests of adaptation. Pp. 79101 in: P. Eggleton and R. I. Vane-Wright (eds.), Phylogenetics and Ecology. Academic Press, London.

Title Illustrations
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Apoica albimacula (Fabricius, 1804)

Scientific Name Apoica albimacula (Fabricius, 1804)
Location Nouragues French Guiana
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Kurt Milton Pickett
Source Apoica
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2008 Sean McCann
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Page: Tree of Life Epiponini Lucas 1867. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2010. Epiponini Lucas 1867. Version 14 June 2010 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Epiponini/144288/2010.06.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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