GehringiiniDavid R. Maddison
The relationship of this tribe to other carabids is unclear. A number of authors have placed it near Trachypachidae, based in part on the laterally extended metacoxae in adults (Darlington, 1933; Lindroth 1960, 1961). More recently Gehringia has been proposed to be related to some lineage of "basal carabid" (e.g. Bell, 1967). On the other hand, Gehringia shares with bembidiine carabids a reduced terminal palp article, suggesting a possible relationships between the two groups (Darlington, 1933; Hammond, 1979; Erwin, 1984, 1985). The bembidiine-like maxillary palp can be seen in the following figure:
Baehr, M. 2005. A second species of Helenaea, a peculiar genus of minute ground beetles. (Coleoptera: Carabidae: Bembidiinae). Coleoptera, 7(1-2): 79-84.
Bell, R.T. 1964. Does Gehringia belong to the Isochaeta? The Coleopterists Bulletin 18:59-61.
Darlington, P.J. Jr. 1933. A new tribe of Carabidae (Coleoptera) from the western United States. Pan-Pacific Entomologist 9:110-114.
Deuve, T. 2005. Les Gehringiidae: famille relictuelle de Coléoptères Adephaga, alticole dans les Montagnes Rocheuses et déserticole dans le Sinaï. Ann. Soc. entomol. Fr., 41(1):69-80.
Erwin, T.L. 1984.Composition and origin of the ground beetle fauna (Coleoptera, Carabidae). In C.H. Fernando (editor) Ecology and Biogeography in Sri Lanka. Dr W. Junk, The Hague. 505 pp.
Erwin, T.L. 1985. The taxon pulse: a general pattern of lineage radiation and extinction among carabid beetles. Pages 437-472 in G.E. Ball (editor) Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Zoogeography of Beetles and Ants. A Volume Dedicated to the Memory of Philip Jackson Darlington, Jr. (1904-1983). Dr W. Junk, The Hague. xiii + 514 pp.
Hammond, P.M. 1979. Wing-folding mechanisms of beetles, with special reference to investigations of adephagan phylogeny (Coleoptera). Pages 113-180 in T.L. Erwin, G.E. Ball, D.R. Whitehead, and A.L. Halpern, eds., Carabid beetles: their evolution, natural history, and classification. Dr W. Junk, The Hague. 635 pp.
Lindroth, C.H. 1960. The larva of Trachypachus Mtsch., Gehringia Darl., and Opisthius Kirby, (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Opuscula Entomologica 25:30-42.
Lindroth, C.H. 1961. The ground-beetles (Carabidae, excl. Cicindelinae) of Canada and Alaska. Part 2. Opuscula Entomologica Supplementum XX. pp. 1-200.
Maddison, D.R. 1985. The discovery of Gehringia olympica Darlington (Coleoptera: Carabidae). Pages 35-37 in G.E. Ball (editor) Taxonomy, Phylogeny and Zoogeography of Beetles and Ants. A Volume Dedicated to the Memory of Philip Jackson Darlington, Jr. (1904-1983). Dr W. Junk, The Hague. xiii + 514 pp.
David R. Maddison
Oregon State University
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- First online 14 November 2005
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Maddison, David R. 2005. Gehringiini. Version 14 November 2005 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Gehringiini/56971/2005.11.14 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/