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Jaw Worms

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taxon links Phylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertainPhylogenetic position of group is uncertain[down<--]Bilateria Interpreting the tree
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Relationships after Sørensen 2002.
Containing group: Bilateria

Other Names for Gnathostomulida


Ax, P. 1956. Die Gnathostomulida, eine rätselhafte Wurmgruppe aus dem Meeressand. Abhandlungen der Akademie für Wissenschaft und Literatur Mainz, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse 8:1–32.

Herlyn, H. and U. Ehlers. 1997. Ultrastructure and function of the pharynx of Gnathostomula paradoxa (Gnathostomulida). Zoomorphology 117:135-145.

Littlewood, D. T. J., M. J. Telford, K. A. Clough, K. Rohde. 1998. Gnathostomulida - an enigmatic metazoan phylum from both morphological and molecular perspectives. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 9:72-79.

Sørensen, M. V. 2000. An SEM study of the jaws of Haplognathia rosea and Rastrognathia macrostoma (Gnathostomulida), with a preliminary comparison with the rotiferan trophi. Acta Zoologica 81:9-16.

Sørensen, M. V. 2002. Phylogeny and jaw evolution in Gnathostomulida, with a cladistic analysis of the genera. Zoologica Scripta 31:461-480.

Sørensen, M. V. and W. Sterrer. 2002. New characters in the gnathostomulid mouth parts revealed by scanning electron microscopy. Journal of Morphology 253:310-334.

Sterrer, W. 1971 . On the biology of Gnathostomulida. Vie et Milieu Suppl. 22:493-508.

Sterrer, W. 1972. Systematics and evolution within the Gnathostomulida. Systematic Zoology 21:151-173.

Sterrer, W., M. Mainitz, and R. M. Rieger. 1985. Gnathostomulida: Enigmatic as ever. Pages 181–199 in The Origins and Relationships of Lower Invertebrates. S. Conway Morris, J. D. George, R. Gibson, and H. M. Platt (eds.). The Systematics Association and Clarendon Press, Oxford, England.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Gnathostomulida
Comments body plan of a gnathostomulid
Creator Stritch
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Gnathostomulida. Jaw Worms. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Gnathostomulida/2481/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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