- Cotes Sharp, 1877
- Lemodes Boheman, 1858
- Lemodinus Blair, 1913
- Protoanthicus Moore, Vidal, 2006
- Trichananca Blackburn, 1891
- Zealanthicus Werner,
The Lemodinae is a relatively small group of Anthicidae distributed in the Australian region (including New Guinea and Solomon Islands), as well as in Chile. The group includes six genera and about 40 recent species; no fossil records are hitherto known for this subfamily. Representatives of the Lemodinae occur in various habitats from rainforests to dry savannahs and mountains. The species of Lemodes Boheman are among the most colourful representatives of the family Anthicidae. Almost nothing is known about biology and ecology of this group.
Small to midsized beetles. Frontoclypeal suture well developed to almost atrophied and presented by transverse impression only. Mandibles bidentate apically. Neck broad, 1/4 or less of maximum head width.
Pronotum sometimes with shallow longitudinal impression. Anterior rim weakly developed. Antebasal sulcus only complete in Zealanthicus Werner et Chandler. Mesosternum triangular.
Abdomen with 5 visible ventrites. Metacoxae moderately separated by triangular intercoxal projection. Metaventrite weakly developed or atrophied.
Legs long, tibial spurs short, paired.
Phallobase of male aedeagus fused or not to tegmen, short. Penis free, longer than double the size of tegmen.
Note: all taxa below are listed alphabetically.
- Cotes Sharp, 1877 - New Zealand
- Lemodes Boheman, 1858 (= Lagriomorpha Champion, 1916) - Australia, New Guinea, Solomon Islands
- Lemodinus Blair, 1913 - Australia (monotypic genus)
- Protoanthicus Moore, Vidal, 2006 (possible, juniour synonym to Trichananca Blackburn) - Chile
- Trichananca Blackburn, 1891 (= Cribroanthicus Pic, 1913) - Australia, New Zealand, New Caledonia, New Guinea
- Zealanthicus Werner, Chandler, 1995 - New Zealand (monotypic genus)
General data on biology and ecology of the Lemodinae are very limited. Species of Lemodes Boheman are typical rainforest animals (with some exceptions in Australia) and are mostly collected from green vegetation. Members of Cotes Sharp seem to be associated with leaf litter and fallen trees. Species of Trichananca Blackburn seem to be epigeous and are collected in pitfall traps. These are also recorded from Leptospermum scoparium and Sapix fragilis (Werner, Chandler 1995). Zealanthicus Werner et Chandler were observed on ferns in a beech, podocarp and broadleaved forest. The Lemodinae were not recorded in assiciation with ants.
Habitat of Lemodes coccinea Boheman, 1858: Australia, New South Wales, New England National Park SE env. © Donald S. Chandler.
Habitat of Lemodes semicoerulea (Champion, 1916), L. buratea Telnov, 2007, and L. lauta Telnov, 2007: West Papua, Weylands, Nabire vicinity. © 1996 Andreas Weigel.
Werner F.G., Chandler D.S. 1995. Number 34. Anthicidae (Insecta: Coleoptera). In: Fauna of New Zealand. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln, Canterbury: 1-61.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Dmitry Telnov at
Page copyright © 2011 Dmitry Telnov
All Rights Reserved.
- First online 06 January 2011
- Content changed 06 January 2011
Citing this page:
Telnov, Dmitry. 2011. Lemodinae. Version 06 January 2011 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Lemodinae/66151/2011.01.06 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/