PerlidaeC. Riley Nelson
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Perlidae consist of about 400 species which are widely distributed in the northern hemisphere with a few genera extending into the southern hemisphere in Africa and South America.
Zwick (1973) listed five synapomorphies for Perlidae as: 1, only 6 individual abdominal ganglia present; 2, in nymphs the paraglossae aare inflated and the mentum broadened; 3, muscle ppm 56 is shifted from pleura to postalar sclerite; 4, muscle ism 24 present; 5, metamerous structure of testes reduced.
Sivec, I., B. P. Stark, and S. Uchida. 1988. Synopsis of the world genera of Perlinae (Plecoptera: Perlidae). Scopolia 16: 1-66.
Stark, B. P. and A. R. Gaufin. 1976. The nearctic genera of Perlidae (Plecoptera). Misc. Publ. Entomol. Soc. Amer. 10: 1-80.
Zwick, P. 1973. Insecta: Plecoptera. Phylogenetisches System und Katalog. Das Tierreich 94. Walter de Gruyter and Co., Berlin. 465 pp.
C. Riley Nelson
Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA
Page copyright © 1996
All Rights Reserved.
Citing this page:
Nelson, C. Riley. 1996. Perlidae. Version 01 January 1996 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Perlidae/13953/1996.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/