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Please note: Entries in the above species list are the original binomina of species according to Carlgren's 1949 catalog. Nomenclatorial inconsistencies need to be resolved in a future revision of this genus (see below).
Containing group: Phymanthidae


Phymanthidae with base and column of variable appearance. Upper part of column with verrucae, which sometimes may be indistinct. A row of perforated marginal pseudospherules (always?). Cinclides may be present at the base. No sphincter or a very weak, diffuse one. Marginal tentacles arranged hexa- or octomerously [sic]. Laterally the marginal tentacles are provided with weak or well developed protuberances in the form either of low knobs or of ramified branches. The discal tentacles sometimes resemble the marginal tentacles in part, more usually they are papilliform, sometimes very indistinct or even wholly absent? Longitudinal muscles of tentacles and radial muscles of oral disc ectodermal, sometimes with a slight tendency to be meso-ectodermal. Pairs of mesenteries arranged hexa- or octomerously [sic], many are perfect, the stronger with or without the directives, fertile. Retractors well developed, strong, diffuse or strongly restricted, reniform. Cnidom: spirocysts, basitrichs, microbasic p-mastigophors.


Carlgren, O. 1949. A Survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakadamiens Handlingar, series 4, volume 1, number 1.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Phymanthus sp.
Location Bukit Merah, Central Singapore
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Frilly sea anemone (Phymanthus sp.)
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2005 Ria Tan
About This Page
The information provided on this page is based on Oscar Carlgren's 1949 catalog.
Copyright © 1949 Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Please note that Carlgren's text contains a number of errors, and much of the information is now out of date. An update of the catalog is currently under preparation in Daphne Fautin's laboratory, and the results of this work will be incorporated in future versions of this page.

Keyboarding of Carlgren's catalog was done as part of a project to create an electronic database of the sea anemones of the world, funded by NSF Grant DEB9521819, awarded to Daphne G. Fautin. This grant is in the program Partnerships to Enhance Expertise in Taxonomy (PEET). Susanne Hauswaldt, Katherine Pearson, and April Wakefield-Pagels contributed to the keyboarding effort.

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Daphne G. Fautin at

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Phymanthus. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Phymanthus/18719/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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