This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Carlquist, S. 1990. Wood anatomy and relationships of Lactoridaceae. American Journal of Botany 77:1498-1505.
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Doyle, J. A., M. J. Donoghue and E. A. Zimmer. 1994. Integration of morphological and rRNA data on the origin of angiosperms. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 81:419-450.
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Gonzalez, F. and P. Rudall. 2001. The questionable affinities of Lactoris: Evidence from branching pattern, inflorescence morphology, and stipule development. American Journal of Botany 88:2143-2150.
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Qiu, Y. L., J. H. Lee, F. Bernasconi-Quadroni, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, M. Zanis, E. A. Zimmer, Z. D. Chen, V. Savolainen, and M. W. Chase. 1999. The earliest angiosperms: evidence from mitochondrial, plastid and nuclear genomes. Nature 402:404-407.
Qiu, Y. L., J. H. Lee, F. Bernasconi-Quadroni, D. E. Soltis, P. S. Soltis, M. Zanis, E. A. Zimmer, Z. D. Chen, V. Savolainen, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Phylogeny of basal angiosperms: Analyses of five genes from three genomes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 161:S3-S27.
Savolainen, V., M. W. Chase, S. B. Hoot, C. M. Morton, D. E. Soltis, C. Bayer, M. F. Fay, A. Y. De Bruijn, S. Sullivan, and Y. L. Qiu. 2000. Phylogenetics of flowering plants based on combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL gene sequences. Systematic Biology 49:306-362.
Soltis, D. E., P. S. Soltis, M. W. Chase, M. E. Mort, D. C. Albach, M. Zanis, V. Savolainen, W. H. Hahn, S. B. Hoot, M. F. Fay, M. Axtell, S. M. Swensen, L. M. Prince, W. J. Kress, K. C. Nixon, and J. S. Farris. 2000. Angiosperm phylogeny inferred from 18S rDNA, rbcL, and atpB sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 133:381-461.
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Tree of Life Web Project. 2002. Piperales. Version 01 January 2002 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Piperales/20674/2002.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/