Under Construction

Rana ridibunda Pallas 1771

Peter Beerli
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Containing group: Western Palearctic water frogs


This species occurs from Central Europe to the Ural, but its eastern distribution is not well known.


The following recordings a short sequences of longer recordings. These files are size reduced (MULAW 8-bit encoded) from 16-bit encoded sound files.

sound iconListen to Rana ridibunda single call

sound iconListen to Rana ridibunda several calls


Valid name: Rana (Pelophylax) ridibunda Pallas 1771

Synonyms: Rana ridibunda Palla 1771, Rana gigas Gmelin 1789, Rana cachinnans Pallas 1814, Rana caucasica Pallas 1814, "Rana bufoides" Güldenstadt in Pallas 1814, Rana esculenta var. tigrina Einchwald 1831, Rana dentex Krynicki 1837, "Rana taurica" Bonaparte 1840, Rana fortis Boulenger 1884, Rana florinskii Katschenko and Sipacev 1913, Rana mangischlakensis Ahl 1925.


Beerli, P. 1994. Genetic isolation and calibration of an average protein clock in western Palearctic water frogs of the Aegean region. Dissertation Universität Zürich 1994. [Summary]

Berger, L. 1983. Western Palearctic water frogs (Amphibia, Ranidae): Systematics, genetics and population compositions. Experientia 39(2): 127-130.

Dubois, A., and A. Ohler. 1994. Frogs of the subgenus Pelophylax (Amphibia, Anura, genus Rana): a catalogue of available and valid scientific names, with comments on the name-bearing types, complete synonymies. proposed common names, and maps showing all type localities. In: M. Ogielska (Ed.): II International Symposium on Ecology and Genetics of European water frogs, 18-25 September 1994, Wroclaw, Poland. Zoologica Poloniae 39(3-4).

Graf, J.-D. and M. Polls Pelaz. 1989. Evolutionary genetics of the Rana esculenta complex. In: Dawley, R.M. and J.P. Bogart (eds.): Evolution and ecology of unisexual vertebrates. New York State Museum Bulletin 466: 289-302.

Hotz, H., G. Manchino, S. Bucci-Innocenti, M. Ragghianti, L. Berger, and T. Uzzell. 1986. Rana ridibunda varies geographically in inducing clonal gametogenesis in interspecific hybrids. Journal of experimental Zoology 236: 199-210.

Uzzell, T. and L. Berger. 1975. Electrophoretic phenotypes of Rana ridibunda, Rana lessonae, and their hybridogenetic associate, Rana esculenta. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 127(2): 13-24.

Information on the Internet

Peter Beerli's Water Frog Info-Pool
Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Rana ridibunda
Copyright © 1995 Hansjürg Hotz
About This Page

Peter Beerli
Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA

All Rights Reserved.

Citing this page:

Beerli, Peter. 1995. Rana ridibunda Pallas 1771. Version 20 December 1995 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Rana_ridibunda/17506/1995.12.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Leaf Page.

Each ToL leaf page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a leaf at the tip of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a leaf and a branch of the Tree of Life is that a leaf cannot generally be further subdivided into subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box

Rana ridibunda

Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page