Under Construction


Michael S. Caterino
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Containing group: Histeridae


The Anapleini, at present containing only the genus Anapleus with 15 recognized species, is a relatively obscure group of histerids. Species are known from most of the Holarctic region, including a couple from Mexico. Its members are very rarely collected. All are smallish, from 2-3 mm, ovoid, and are probably best described as nondescript. Nothing is known of the life history of any of the species. Recently, however, the group has come to greater prominence; it is proving to be very interesting phylogenetically. Ohara (1994) and Caterino & Vogler (in press) have shown that Anapleus species exhibit plesiomorphic characters of both male and female genitalia, and the combined data analysis of the latter resolves the genus as potentially the sister group of the remaining members of the family. Hopefully their newfound prominence will lead to greater discovery of species and natural history information.


Anapleus has historically been placed in the Dendrophilinae, and although this subfamily has been conclusively demonstrated to be artificial (Slipinski & Mazur, 1999; Caterino & Vogler, in press), Anapleus does share several characteristics with other former members of Dendrophilinae. Most notably, the species of Anapleus have a prosternum which is prolonged anteriorly, but which does not extend laterally to conceal the antennae; that is, the lateral prosternal groove is exposed. Among taxa which share this characteristic, only Anapleus and Dendrophilus have inwardly directed, v-shaped antennal club sutures. Anapleus is generally smaller than Dendrophilus, and entirely lacking in elytral striae.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The phylogenetic relationships among Anapleus species have not yet been investigated.


Caterino, M. S., and A. P. Vogler. 2002. The phylogeny of the Histeroidea. Cladistics 18(4):394-415.

Ohara, M. 1994. A revision of the superfamily Histeroidea of Japan. Insecta Mastumurana (N.S.) 51:1-283.

Slipinski, S. A., and S. Mazur. 1999. Epuraeosoma, a new genus of Histerinae and phylogeny of the family Histeridae. Annales Zoologici (Warszawa) 49:209-230.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Anapleus cyclonotus
Location India
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © 2002
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Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History, Santa Barbara, California, USA

Page: Tree of Life Anapleini. Authored by Michael S. Caterino. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Caterino, Michael S. 2002. Anapleini. Version 07 March 2002 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Anapleini/9377/2002.03.07 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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