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Atriplectididae

Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer taxon links [down<--]Leptoceroidea Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Leptoceroidea

Introduction

The family shows a disjunct Gondwanan distribution with species in Australia, including Tasmania, the Neotropics (northern Andes, southeast Brazil), and the Seychelles. It was erected by Neboiss (1978) to accommodate the Australasian species Atriplectides dubius Mosely, originally described in the Leptoceridae subfamily Triplectidinae and later transferred to the Odontoceridae (Mosely & Kimmins 1953). Upon discovery of the very unusual larval stage, Neboiss established the family and also transferred the monotypic Seychelles genus Hughscottiella auricalla Ulmer, originally described in Odontoceridae, to Atriplectididae. Neboiss (1999) described a 2nd Australasian species Atriplectides ikmaleus and Holzenthal (1997) described a new genus and species from Peru, Neoatriplectides froehlichi, such that the family now contains 4 species. The larval stages of all 3 genera are known (Holzenthal 1997, Marlier 1978, Neboiss 1978) and are unique within the Trichoptera in that the head, pro- and mesonota are narrow, elongate, and retractile. Larvae feed as scavengers by cutting a small opening in the body of dead arthropods, thus allowing them to insert their head and anterior thorax to feed on the internal tissues (Malicky 1997). They are found in sandy bottom sediments of small streams and lakes. (from Holzenthal et al., 2007)

References

Holzenthal, R.W. (1997) The caddisfly (Trichoptera) family Atriplectididae in the Neotropics. In: Holzenthal, R.W. & Flint, O.S., Jr. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Trichoptera. Ohio Biological Survey, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 157165.

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 1668:639698.

Marlier, G. (1978) Les larves et nymphes des Trichopt_res des Seychelles. In: Crichton, M.I. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague, pp. 3154.

Malicky, H. (1997) What does biologically successful mean? The enigma of Atriplectididae (Insecta: Trichoptera). In: Holzenthal, R.W. & Flint, O.S., Jr. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 8th International Symposium on Trichoptera. Ohio Biological Survey, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 289291.

Mosely, M.E. & Kimmins, D.E. (1953) The Trichoptera of Australia and New Zealand. British Museum (Natural History), London, 550 pp.

Neboiss, A. (1978) Atriplectididae, a new caddisfly family (Trichoptera: Atriplectidae). In: Crichton, M.I. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Trichoptera. Dr. W. Junk, The Hague, pp. 6773.

Neboiss, A. (1999) A second species of Atriplectides Mosely from Australia (Trichptera: Atriplectididae). Memoirs of the Museum of Victoria, 57, 237239.

About This Page

Ralph W. Holzenthal
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

Roger J. Blahnik
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

Aysha Prather
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Ralph W. Holzenthal at , Roger J. Blahnik at , Aysha Prather at , and Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Atriplectididae. Authored by Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Holzenthal, Ralph W., Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. 2010. Atriplectididae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Atriplectididae/14591/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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