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Odontoceridae

Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer
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taxon links [up-->]Pseudogoerinae [up-->]Odontocerinae [down<--]Leptoceroidea Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Leptoceroidea

Introduction

In earlier days, the family was considered a “section” of Leptoceridae (e.g., Walker) or as a subfamily of Leptoceridae (e.g., Ulmer), but later workers considered Odontocerinae Wallengren (1891) to be a distinct family. The family contains about 115 extant species in 14 genera, scattered about the Old and New Worlds. Four genera are endemic to North America, 3 in the West (Namamyia Banks, Nerophilus Banks, and Parthina Denning) and 1 in the East (Pseudogoera Carpenter). Of the 2 additional genera found in North America, Marilia Müller reaches its greatest diversity in the Neotropics (ca. 45 species), with additional species in China, Southeast Asia, and Australia, and Psilotreta Banks occurs in eastern North America, India, Nepal, Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan. In addition to many species of Marilia, the Neotropics harbors 2 endemic monotypic genera, both from southeastern Brazil, Barypenthus Burmeister and Anastomoneura Huamantinco and Nessimian. The Australasian fauna is poorly represented by only a couple of species of Marilia and 2 species of the endemic genus Barynema Banks. Southeast Asia is home to 2 endemic genera, Inthanopsyche Malicky and Lannapsyche Malicky, in addition to those mentioned above. Only the nominotypical genus, Odontocerum Leach, occurs in Europe. The family is not known from Africa, but a single monotypic genus with equivocal placement in the family (Neboiss 1978) was described from the Seychelles, Leptodermatopteryx Ulmer. Larvae live in springs and small to medium-sized streams and rivers, some are associated with waterfalls. They seem to prefer slow flowing areas or depositional zones, where they may burrow in the sandy substrate. Cases are made of sand grains or larger mineral fragments and are very resistant to crushing due to reinforcing silken mortar applied by the larva between sand grains. Larvae are omnivorous, feeding on organic detritus, vascular plants, moss, and algae as well as aquatic arthropods. (From Holzenthal et al., 2007)

References

Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 1668:639698.

Wallengren, H.D.J. (1891) Skandinaviens Neuroptera. Andra afdelningen. Svenska Akademien Handlingar, 24, 1173.

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Scientific Name Barypenthus concolor
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Adult
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Source Collection Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
Scientific Name Psilotreta lobopennis
Specimen Condition Dead Specimen
Life Cycle Stage Larva
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Source Collection Barcode of Life Database (BOLD)
About This Page

Ralph W. Holzenthal
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

Roger J. Blahnik
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

Aysha Prather
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Ralph W. Holzenthal at , Roger J. Blahnik at , Aysha Prather at , and Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Odontoceridae. Authored by Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Holzenthal, Ralph W., Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. 2010. Odontoceridae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Odontoceridae/14590/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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