The Maplesville Mimic MillipedePaul Marek
Brachoria initialis individuals are about 38.7 mm long and 9.8 mm wide (females 40.7 mm X 10.0 mm). Color: Combined striped and 2-spotted, purple medial metatergal stripes, pink lateral paranotal spots.
Brachoria initialis genitalia - left male gonopodal acropodite (with seta removed): (Left) medial view and (Right) magnified apical view. © Paul Marek
HabitatBrachoria initialis specimens were collected during the day (17:30, the Lecompte locality) in an oak forest about 50 m north of Bayou Boeuf Cocodrie. Millipedes were found during rainfall beneath a thin layer of decaying leaves on the sloped bank of the river. Brachoria initialis individuals were also collected on the north-facing bank of Barren Fork in a maple forest in McMinnville, Tennessee (co-occurring with B. hubrichti, see that species for habitat details). One other xystodesmid encountered sympatrically at the McMinnville locality is Brachoria hubrichti, which appears similar in coloration with B. initialis. Individuals of B. initialis may be confused in the field with C. georgiana latassa due to similarity in color patterns and broad overlap in distribution. Individuals of B. initialis may also be confused in the field with B. ochra due to similarity in color patterns and overlap in distribution (co-occurring in northern Alabama, and northeastern Mississippi).
DistributionThe largest distribution of any Brachoria species. Known from the highlands of Tennessee from the Valley and Ridges, west to the Nashville Basin. Widely distributed south into the piedmont of southwestern Georgia and south of the Fall Line through the coastal plain in Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana. The only species of Brachoria that occurs west of the Mississippi River.
Conservation statusBrachoria initialis is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture (especially growing demand for paper products), coal mining, development, and the invasion of exotic species.
Marek P.E. 2010. A revision of the Appalachian millipede genus Brachoria Chamberlin, 1939 (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae: Apheloriini). Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 159: 817-889.
Causey N.B. 1950. A collection of xystodesmid millipeds from Kentucky and Tennessee. Ent. News 61: 5-8.
Chamberlin R.V. 1939. On some diplopods of the family Fontariidae. Bull. Univ. Utah 30: 1-19.
Chamberlin R.V. 1947. Some records and descriptions of diplopods chiefly in the collection of the Academy. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 99: 21-58.
Keeton W.T. 1959. A revision of the millipede genus Brachoria (Polydesmida: Xystodesmidae) Proc. US Nat. Mus. 109: 1-58.
Hoffman R.L. 1999. Checklist of the millipeds of North and Middle America. Virginia Museum of Natural History Special Publication. No. 8. Martinsville: Virginia Museum of Natural History.
About This PageWork on the millipede Tree of Life pages was supported by a U.S. National Science Foundation Doctoral Dissertation Improvement Grant to Paul Marek and Jason Bond (DEB 0607996) and a Partnerships for Enhancing Expertise in Taxonomy Grant to Petra Sierwald, Jason Bond, and William Shear (DEB 0529715).
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Paul Marek at
Page copyright © 2010 Paul Marek
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- First online 16 September 2010
- Content changed 16 September 2010
Citing this page:
Marek, Paul. 2010. Brachoria initialis http://tolweb.org/Brachoria_initialis/144224/2010.09.16 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. The Maplesville Mimic Millipede. Version 16 September 2010 (under construction).