- Actinia verrucosa Pennant 1777
- Bunodes stella Verrill 1864
- Cribrina spetsbergensis Carlgren 1921
- Bunodes Biscayensis [sic] Fischer 1874
- Bunodes Duregnei [sic] Fischer 1889
- Bunodes rigidus Andres 1880
- Bunodes sabelloides Andres 1880
- Bunodactis steinitze Pax 1925
- Aulactinia capitata Verrill 1864
- Aulactinia stelloides Mc Murrich [sic] 1889
- Bunodactis curacaoensis Pax 1924
- Tealia bunodiformis Hertwig 1882
- Bunodes patagoniensis Carlgren 1899
- Bunodes octoradiata Carlgren 1899
- Cystiactis reynaudi Milne-Edwards 1857
- Bunodactis vanhoeffeni Pax 1922
- Urticina sulcata Clubb 1902
- Urticina carlgreni Clubb 1902
- Bunodes varidi Carlgren 1900
- Bunodactis nicobarica Carlgren 1928
- Actinia inornata Stimpson 1855
- Anthopleura Stimpsoni [sic] Verrill 1868
- Bunodes japonica Verrill 1868
- Tealiopsis nigrescens Verrill 1928
- Cribrina verruculata Lager 1911
- Cribrina altifossa Lager 1911
- Bunodactis rubro-fusca Carlgren 1924
- Bunodes rosea Stuckey and Walton 1910
- Bunodes minima Stuckey and Walton 1910
- Epiactis mortenseni Carlgren 1924
- Bunodactis aucklandica Carlgren 1927
- Taractostephanus elegantissima (?Actinia) Brandt 1835
- Bunodactis mexicana Carlgren 1949
- Bunodes papillosa Verrill 1869
- Bunodes pluvia Verrill 1869
- Cribrina elongata Mc Murrich [sic] 1904
- Cribrina conica Mc Murrich [sic] 1904
CharacteristicsActiniidae with well developed pedal disc. The whole or the most part of the column with more or less distinct adhesive verrucae, which are often simple but sometimes lobed in the distal part of the body. They may or may not be arranged in obvious vertical rows. Foreign bodies often attached to the verrucae. No marginal spherules present, but there may be pseudospherules. Sphincter more or less circumscribed, sometimes circumscribed-diffuse. Tentacles rather short, simple. Longitudinal muscles of the tentacles numerous. Usually 2 pairs of directives. All stronger mesenteries fertile, sometimes the directives are sterile. Retractors commonly strong, more or less restricted. The younger mesenteries grow from the proximal end upwards and therefore the mesenteries are often more numerous in the proximal part than in the distal. Cnidom: spirocysts, basitrichs, microbasic p-mastigophors.
Carlgren, O. 1949. A Survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakadamiens Handlingar, series 4, volume 1, number 1.
About This PageThe information provided on this page is based on Oscar Carlgren's 1949 catalog.
Copyright © 1949 Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Please note that Carlgren's text contains a number of errors, and much of the information is now out of date. An update of the catalog is currently under preparation in Daphne Fautin's laboratory, and the results of this work will be incorporated in future versions of this page.
Keyboarding of Carlgren's catalog was done as part of a project to create an electronic database of the sea anemones of the world, funded by NSF Grant DEB9521819, awarded to Daphne G. Fautin. This grant is in the program Partnerships to Enhance Expertise in Taxonomy (PEET). Susanne Hauswaldt, Katherine Pearson, and April Wakefield-Pagels contributed to the keyboarding effort.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Daphne G. Fautin at
Page copyright © 2000
All Rights Reserved.
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2000. Bunodactis. Version 01 January 2000 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Bunodactis/18381/2000.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/