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Containing group: Tylopoda


Harrison, J. A. 1985. Giant camels from the Cenozoic of North America. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleontology 5:1-29.

Honey, J. G., J. A. Harrison, D. R. Prothero, and M. S. Stevens. 1998. Camelidae. Pages 439-462 in: Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America Volume 1: Terrestrial Carnivores, Ungulates, and Ungulatelike Mammals. C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Janis, C. M., J. M. Theodor, and B. Boisvert. 2002. Locomotor evolution in camels revisited: A quantitative analysis of pedal anatomy and the acquisition of the pacing gait. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22(1):110-121.

McKenna, M.C. 1966. Synopsis of Whitneyan and Arikareean camelid phylogeny. American Museum Novitates 2253:1-11.

McKenna, M. C. and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level. Columbia University Press, New York.

Prothero, D. R. 1996. Camelidae. Pages 609-651 in: The Terrestrial Eocene-Oligocene Transition in North America. D. R. Prothero and R. J. Emry, eds. Cambridge University Press, New York.

Stanley, H.F. , M. Kadwell, and J.C. Wheeler. 1994. Molecular evolution of the family Camelidae: a mitochondrial DNA study. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 256(1345):1-6.

Whistler, D. P. and S. D. Webb. 2005. New goatlike camelid from the late Pliocene of Tecopa Lake Basin, California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Contributions in Science 503:1-40.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Camelus bactrianus
Creator Photograph by Gary M. Stolz
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Online Digital Media Library
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Page: Tree of Life Camelidae. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2006. Camelidae. Version 23 February 2006 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Camelidae/30342/2006.02.23 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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