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Cethosia Fabricius 1807


Andrew V. Z. Brower
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taxon links [up-->]Cethosia penthesilea [up-->]Cethosia cyane [up-->]Cethosia hypsea [up-->]Cethosia vasilia [up-->]Cethosia leschenault [up-->]Cethosia moesta [up-->]Cethosia cydippe [up-->]Cethosia luzonica [up-->]Cethosia biblis [up-->]Cethosia methypsea [up-->]Cethosia myrina [up-->]Cethosia obscura [up-->]Cethosia lamarcki [up-->]Cethosia nietneri [up-->]Cethosia tambora Monophyly UncertainMonophyly Uncertain[down<--]Heliconiinae Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Heliconiinae


A genus ranging from India across Indonesia to New Guinea, northern Australia and the Solomons. Many of the species are widely distributed and exhibit substantial geographical variation. Gregarious larvae feed on Adenia and other non-native taxa in (Passifloraceae).

Adults of some species are sexually dimorphic.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The tree shown above is based upon the consensus cladogram (Fig. 3) of Müller and Beheregaray (2010), inferred from sequences of mitochondrial COI and ND5, and wingless genes. Note that three geographically widespread and variable species, C. hypsea, C. cydippe and C. biblis, are paraphyletic according to this hypothesis.

Other Names for Cethosia Fabricius 1807


Müller CJ. 1999. A new species of Cethosia and a new subspecies of Delias (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae and Pieridae) from montane New Ireland, Papua New Guinea. Austr. Ent. 26: 65-70.

Müller, C.J.,Beheregaray, L.B. 2010. Palaeo island-affinities revisited - biogeography and systematics of the Indo-Pacific genus Cethosia Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 57: 314-326.

Parsons M. 1999. The butterflies of Papua New Guinea: their systematics and biology. Academic Press, San Diego.

Vane-Wright RI, and de Jong R. 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen 343: 1-267.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Cethosia hypsea, Asclepias curassavica
Location Butterfly house, Vienna, Austria; native to South-East Asia
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Cethosia hypsea
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Gertrud Kanu
Scientific Name Cethosia cyane
Location captive
Comments The Australian Butterfly Sanctuary in Kuranda is home to over 1500 magnificent tropical butterflies, all local to the area, including the electric blue Ulysses butterfly and the largest butterfly in Australia, the Cairns or Australian Birdwing.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Sex Male
Source Céthosia Cyane male / Malay Lacewing
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2006 Gary Hayes
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Cethosia Fabricius 1807. Lacewings. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2011. Cethosia Fabricius 1807. Lacewings. Version 09 December 2011 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cethosia/70394/2011.12.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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