Under Construction
This is an archived version of a Tree of Life page. For up-to-date information, please refer to the current version of this page.

Charaxes Ochsenheimer 1816

Andrew V. Z. Brower
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Charaxes candiope sucking tree sap
Containing group: Charaxini


Big, beautiful Charaxes butterflies - the most diverse genus in Africa? Or maybe the most oversplit. Ackery et al. (1995) state, "No group of African butterflies arouses stronger emotions than Charaxes." Gaining an understanding of their phylogenetic relationships will add a new chapter to their convoluted literature.

The bulk of the list of species above is Afrotropical taxa (Charaxes jasius extends to southern Europe). The species C. amycus - C. solon are the ones from India, Indomalaya and the Indonesian archipelago to New Guinea.

Females are often larger than males, and many of them exhibit paler coloration or white bands on the wings that are not present in the males.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Putative species groups for west African taxa are identified as per Larsen (2005). Extralimital members of these groups are not included thus far.

Other Names for Charaxes Ochsenheimer 1816


Ackery PR, Smith CR, and Vane-Wright RI eds. 1995. Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.

Corbet AS, Pendlebury HM, and Eliot JN. 1992. The butterflies of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.

Cowan CF. 1968. Annotationes Rhopalocerologicae. Clunbury Press, Berkhamsted, Herts.

Larsen, T. B. 2005 Butterflies of West Africa. Stenstrup, Denmark: Apollo Books.

Parsons M. 1999. The butterflies of Papua New Guinea: their systematics and biology. Academic Press, San Diego.

Vane-Wright RI, and de Jong R. 2003. The butterflies of Sulawesi: annotated checklist for a critical island fauna. Zoologische Verhandelingen 343: 1-267.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
Charaxes candiope sucking tree sap
Scientific Name Charaxes candiope
Location Gombe National Park, Tanzania
Comments These butterflies were clustered round an oozing wound in a tree-trunk. The species was also seen on civet dung.
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By David Bygott
Behavior Feeding
Life Cycle Stage Adult
View Dorsal/lateral
Copyright © 2005
Scientific Name Charaxes jasius
Location Corcino, Aljezur, Portugal
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Charaxes jasius
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 Pedro Henriques
Scientific Name Charaxes eupale
Location Nigeria: Port Harcourt
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Identified By Dirk Motshagen
Behavior feeding on bananas
Life Cycle Stage adult
View ventral
Copyright © 2009 Dirk Motshagen
About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Charaxes Ochsenheimer 1816. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2010. Charaxes Ochsenheimer 1816. Version 09 February 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Charaxes/70521/2010.02.09 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page