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Chrysoritis Butler 1898

South African Coppers

Andrew V. Z. Brower taxon links [down<--]Aphnaeinae Interpreting the tree
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Containing group: Aphnaeinae


A genus endemic to the Cape region of South Africa. Larvae are ant-associated, and some are aphytophagous, obtaining all their nutrition from ant trophallaxis.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

Several genera were synonymized by Heath (1997) in his reorganization of this complex. Most of the species in the new, more inclusive Chrysoritis (e. g., the thysbe group) were formerly included in Poecilmitis. Phylogenetic relationships among members of the oreas group and exemplars of other species groups were inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences by Rand et al. (2000).

Other Names for Chrysoritis Butler 1898


Ackery, P. R., Smith, C. R. & Vane-Wright, R. I. (ed.) 1995 Carcasson's African butterflies. Canberra: CSIRO.

Heath, A. 1997 A review of African genera of the tribe Aphnaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Metamorphosis Suppl. 2: 1-60

Heath, A. 2001New Synonymies and taxonomic notes on the genus Chrysoritis Bultler (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) Metamorphosis 12 (3): 85-98

Heath, A. & Pringle, E. L. 2007 Biological observations and a taxonomic review based on morphological characters in the myrmecophilous genus Chrysoritis Butler (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae: Aphnaeini) Metamorphosis 18 (1):

Rand, D. B., Heath, A., Suderman, T. & Pierce, N. E. 2000 Phylogeny and life history evolution of the genus Chrysoritis within the Aphnaeini (Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 17: 85-96.

Information on the Internet

About This Page

Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at

Page: Tree of Life Chrysoritis Butler 1898. South African Coppers. Authored by Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2008. Chrysoritis Butler 1898. South African Coppers. Version 08 October 2008 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Chrysoritis/106378/2008.10.08 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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