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Discoteuthis laciniosa Young and Roper 1969

Richard E. Young
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Containing group: Discoteuthis

Introduction

D. laciniosa is most easily separated from its congener by the arrangement of photophores. Virtually nothing is known of its biology.

Diagnosis 

A Discoteuthis ...

Characteristics

  1. Arms
    1. Large arm III suckers with 10-12 low, scalloped teeth on distal margin.
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      Figure. Oral view of large arm suckers of D. laciniosa, 56 mm ML, paratype. Left to right - Suckers of arms I-IV respectively. Drawings from Young and Roper (1969).

  2. Tentacles
    1. Dorsal series of suckers absent on distal half of club dactylus (i.e., suckers in three series near tip of club).
    2. Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window
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      Figure. Oral view of tentacular club of D. laciniosa, 56 mm ML, paratype. Drawings from Young and Roper (1969).

      Figure. Oral view of a badly damaged tentacular club of D. laciniosa, 72 mm ML, preserved. Photograph by R. Young.

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      Figure. Oral view of the dactylus of the club of D. laciniosa, 72 mm ML, preserved. Photograph by R. Young.

    3. Medial suckers on manus of club flat relative to D. discus (inner ring height ca 35% of diameter compared to 60% of diameter).
    4. Largest club suckers with numerous (50-60) minute, irregular, low, scalloped teeth around entire inner ring.
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      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Side views of large manus suckers from D. discus (45 mm ML) and D. laciniosa (56 mm ML, paratype). Right - Oral views of a large sucker from manus and a much smaller sucker from the dactylus of D. laciniosa, 56 mm ML, paratype, showing dentition. Drawings from Young and Roper (1969).

      Figure. Oral view of large club suckeres of D. laciniosa, 72 mm ML, preserved. Photograph by R. Young.

  3. Head
    1. Beaks: Descriptions can be found here: Lower beak; upper beak.

  4. Funnel
    1. Funnel locking-apparatus with V-shaped groove.
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      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Frontal views of the funnel locking-apparatus of D. laciniosa. Left - 56 mm ML, paratype. Drawing from Young and Roper (1969). Right - 72 mm ML, preserved. Photograph by R. Young.

  5. Mantle
    1. Flaplike papillae on free anterior margin of mantle (see drawing on below).
  6. Photophores
    1. Small organ on membrane connecting arms III and IV.
    2. One small pair on ventral margin of mantle.
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      Click on an image to view larger version & data in a new window

      Figure. Ventral view of head, anterior mantle and web between arms III and IV of D. laciniosa, 56 mm ML, paratype, showing photophores and papillae. Drawing modified from Young and Roper (1969).

  7. Gladius
    1. Conus present.
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      Figure. Ventral view of the gladius of D. laciniosa paratype, 56 mm ML, with cross-sections shown above. Drawing from Young and Roper (1969).

Life History


The smallest known specimen is a paralarva of 5mm ML (drawing). The paralarva is easily recognized by the wide separation of the fins due to the broad gladius, and by the mantle flaps. By 14 mm ML the fins virtually equal the mantle length. Mature squid are unknown.

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Figure. Ventral views of presumably young D. laciniosa. A - 24°37'N, 17°27'W, 200 m depth. B - ?. C - Same locality, 100 m depth. Drawings from Young and Roper (1969).

Comments

Young and Roper (1969) were doubtful that the 5 and 9 mm ML specimens belonged to the same species.  Nesis (1982/87) indicates that the mantle flaps/papillae are developed only in juveniles. Apparently the young he had seen, in contrast to the above illustrations, lacked the flaps. This suggests that there may be a variety of species that are close to D. laciniosa.

Distribution

Vertical distribution

The little vertical distribution data available suggests that in Hawaiian waters D. laciniosa occupies mesopelagic depths during the day and migrates into epipelagic waters at night.

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Figure. Chart showing the vertical distribution of D. laciniosa in Hawaiian waters. Captures were made with both open and opening/closing trawls. Yellow bars - Fishing depth-range of opening/closing trawl. Yellow-filled circles - Modal fishing depth, day capture. Blue-filled square - Midpoint of oblique tow, night capture. Blue bar - Depth range of oblique tow. Drawing modified from Young (1978).

Geographical distribution

The type locality is about 40 miles NNE of Bermuda. D. laciniosa occurs throughout the tropical and subtropical Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans (Nesis, 1982/87).

References

Nesis, K. N. 1982/87. Abridged key to the cephalopod mollusks of the world's ocean. 385+ii pp. Light and Food Industry Publishing House, Moscow. (In Russian.). Translated into English by B. S. Levitov, ed. by L. A. Burgess (1987), Cephalopods of the world. T. F. H. Publications, Neptune City, NJ, 351pp.

Young, R. E. and C. F. E. Roper. 1969. A monograph of the Cephalopoda of the North Atlantic: The family Cycloteuthidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 5:1-24.

Young, R. E. 1978. Vertical distribution and photosensitive vesicles of pelagic cephalopods from Hawaiian waters. Fish. Bull., 76: 583-615.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Discoteuthis laciniosa
Reference Young, R. E. and C. F. E. Roper. 1969. A monograph of the Cephalopoda of the North Atlantic: The family Cycloteuthidae. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology No. 5:1-24.
Copyright © 1969 R.E. Young and C.F.E. Roper
About This Page


University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA

Page: Tree of Life Discoteuthis laciniosa Young and Roper 1969. Authored by Richard E. Young. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Young, Richard E. 2006. Discoteuthis laciniosa Young and Roper 1969. Version 26 September 2006 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Discoteuthis_laciniosa/19626/2006.09.26 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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