Heliconius tristeroAndrew V. Z. Brower
Heliconius tristero was described in 1996 by Brower, based on two specimens collected near Mocoa, Colombia. The species is a very precise Müllerian mimic of sympatric H. erato dignus and H. melpomene mocoa. Additional specimens have not been observed, despite considerable subsequent fieldwork. Some have hypothesized that the species may be of hybrid origin (see H. heurippa page).
The wing pattern of H. tristero is almost identical to that of H. melpomene mocoa, except that the red forewing band lies distal to the apex of the discal cell, while in H. melpomene mocoa the red band cuts across the distal end of the discal cell. The mtDNA sequence of H. tristero places it as a close relative of H. cydno and its offshoots H. heurippa and H. timareta.
Brower AVZ. 1996. A new mimetic species of Heliconius (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae), from southeastern Colombia, as revealed by cladistic analysis of mitochondrial DNA sequences. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 116: 317-332.
Brower AVZ. 2000. On the validity of Heliconius tristero and Heliconius melpomene mocoa Brower, with notes on species concepts in Heliconius Kluk (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 103: 678-687.
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Andrew V. Z. Brower at
Page copyright © 2010
Page: Tree of Life Heliconius tristero Authored by . Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 19 February 2007
- Content changed 19 February 2007
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2007. Heliconius tristero http://tolweb.org/Heliconius_tristero/72892/2007.02.19 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Version 19 February 2007 (under construction).