KokiriidaeRalph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer
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IntroductionMcFarlane (1964) erected the plectrotarsid subfamily Kokiriinae when he described Kokiria miharo from New Zealand. Subsequently, Ross (1967) raised it to family status and included the Chilean species Rhynchopsyche fusca Schmid (originally described in Brachycentridae) in the new family. Neboiss (1974) described Tanjistomella verna, the first record of the family in Australia; in that work he also referred the New Caledonian genus Mecynostomella Kimmins (originally placed in Sericostomatidae) to Kokiriidae. Neboiss later described 2 more Australasian genera, Taskiria and Taskiropsyche. Flint et al. (1999) considered Rhynchopsyche fusca a junior synonym of Pangullia faziana Navás (originally described in Limnephilidae). Johanson (2003) recently revised Mecynostomella and nearly doubled the described species diversity of Kokiriidae, so that it now consists of 15 species described from New Zealand, New Caledonia, Chile, and Australia. The larvae are predatory, and live in sandy deposits of small streams and lakes. Larval cases are constructed from sand, and are dorsoventrally depressed and flanged around the edge. (From Holzenthal et al., 2007a)
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThis family has been considered by various authors to be closely allied with either limnephiloid or leptoceroid families, in the latter case possibly because of the similarity of the larval cases to those of molannids and some Ceraclea (Leptoceridae). However, the characters proposed by Frania and Wiggins (1997) to support a close relationship with Molannidae have not held up to re-examination (Prather 2002), nor are they corroborated in recent molecular studies (Holzenthal et al. 2007b, Kjer et al. 2001, 2002). (From Holzenthal et al., 2007a)
Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Prather, A.L., and Kjer K.M. 2007a. Order Trichoptera Kirby 1813 (Insecta), Caddisflies. In: Zhang, Z.-Q., and Shear, W.A. (Eds). 2007 Linneaus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa. 1668:639–698.
Holzenthal R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Kjer K.M and Prather, A.L. 2007b. An update on the phylogeny of Caddisflies (Trichoptera). Proceedings of the XIIth International Symposium on Trichoptera. Bueno-Soria, R. Barba-Alvearz and B. Armitage (Eds). Pp. 143-153. The Caddis Press.
Flint, O.S., Jr. (1967) Trichoptera collected by Prof. J. Illies in the Chilean subregion. Beiträge zur Neotropischen Fauna, 5, 45–68.
Johanson, K.A. (2003b) Revision of New Caledonian genus Mecynostomella (Trichoptera, Kokiriidae). Zootaxa, 270, 1–24.
Kjer, K.M., Blahnik, R.J. & Holzenthal, R.W. (2001) Phylogeny of Trichoptera (caddisflies): characterization of signal and noise within multiple datasets. Systematic Biology, 50, 781–816.
Kjer, K.M., Blahnik, R.J. & Holzenthal, R.W. (2002) Phylogeny of caddisflies (Insecta, Trichoptera). Zoologica Scripta, 31, 83–91.
Neboiss, A. (1974) Additions to the family Kokiriidae (Trichoptera). Victorian Naturalist, 91, 175–179.
Prather, A.L. (2002) Phylogenetic analysis of Leptoceroidea and Calamoceratidae, and revisions of the Neotropical genera Banyallarga and Phylloicus (Insecta: Trichoptera). Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA, 486 pp.
Ross, H.H. (1967) The evolution and past dispersal of the Trichoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 12, 169–206.
About This Page
Ralph W. Holzenthal
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
Roger J. Blahnik
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Ralph W. Holzenthal at , Roger J. Blahnik at , Aysha Prather at , and Karl Kjer at
Page copyright © 2010 Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer
Page: Tree of Life Kokiriidae. Authored by Ralph W. Holzenthal, Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 17 July 2010
- Content changed 20 July 2010
Citing this page:
Holzenthal, Ralph W., Roger J. Blahnik, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. 2010. Kokiriidae. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Kokiriidae/141326/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/