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Plenitentoria

Ralph W. Holzenthal, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer
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taxon links [up-->]Plectrotarsidae [up-->]Brachycentridae [up-->]Phryganeidae [up-->]Kokiriidae [up-->]Rossianidae [up-->]Uenoidae [up-->]Oeconescidae [up-->]Lepidostomatidae [up-->]Pisuliidae [up-->]Limnephilidae [up-->]Phryganopsyche [up-->]Apataniidae [up-->]Goeridae [down<--]Integripalpia Interpreting the tree
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Tree based on Holzenthal et al. (2007), and the Trichoptera World Checklist (Morse 2010).
Containing group: Integripalpia

Introduction

Ross (1967) divided the Integripalpia into a Limnephiloid branch and a Leptoceroid branch, and Weaver (1984) named these branches Plenitentoria and Brevitentoria, respectively.

Discussion of Phylogenetic Relationships

The Plenitentoria have been supported by both morphological (Weaver 1984;  Frania and Wiggins, 1997) and molecular data (Kjer et al. 2001, 2002; Holzenthal et al., 2007), although the molecular analyses include the Kokiriidae.  Partitioned analyses of nuclear rRNA, Elongation Factor 1 alpha, and mitochodrial COI amino acids all independently support Plenitentoria (Kjer et al. 2001).

References

Frania, H.E. & Wiggins, G.B. (1997) Analysis of morphological and behavioural evidence for the phylogeny and higher classification of Trichoptera (Insecta). Life Sciences Contributions, Royal Ontario Museum, 160, 167.

Holzenthal, R.W., Blahnik, R.J., Kjer, K.M. & Prather, A.P. (2007) An update on the phylogeny of caddisflies (Trichoptera).In: Bueno-Soria, J., Barba-Alvarez, R. & Armitage, B. (Eds.) Proceedings of the XIIth International Symposium on Trichoptera. The Caddis Press, Columbus, Ohio, pp. 143153.

Kjer, K.M., Blahnik, R.J. & Holzenthal, R.W. (2001) Phylogeny of Trichoptera (caddisflies): characterization of signal and noise within multiple datasets. Systematic Biology, 50, 781816.

Kjer, K.M., Blahnik, R.J. & Holzenthal, R.W. (2002) Phylogeny of caddisflies (Insecta, Trichoptera). Zoologica Scripta,31, 8391.

Ross, H.H. (1967) The evolution and past dispersal of the Trichoptera. Annual Review of Entomology, 12, 169206.

Information on the Internet

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Lepidostoma pictile
Location Great Smokey Mountains National Park, North Carolina, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0.
Copyright © 1997 Ralph W. Holzenthal
About This Page

Ralph W. Holzenthal
University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

Aysha Prather
Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation Biology, Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Karl Kjer
Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA

Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Ralph W. Holzenthal at , Aysha Prather at , and Karl Kjer at

Page: Tree of Life Plenitentoria. Authored by Ralph W. Holzenthal, Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Holzenthal, Ralph W., Aysha Prather, and Karl Kjer. 2010. Plenitentoria. Version 20 July 2010 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Plenitentoria/14574/2010.07.20 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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