BoobooksJulia Gulka and David P. Mindell
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Topology constructed based on Wink et al. 2009. Wink at al. 2004 provides a phylogeny with a similarly small number of Ninox species included in the analysis with the following topology: (N. scutulata ((N. rufa and N. strinus)(N. sumbalensis (N. novaeseeiandiae and N. connivens)))).
According to Gill and Donsker 2011, N. japonica, N. randi, and N. obscura are split from N. scutulata as species.
Gill, F., and D. Donster (Eds). 2011. IO World Bird Names (Version 2.9). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org. Accessed 25 July 2011.
Rasmussen, P.C. and Anderton, J.C. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley Guide. Barcelona, Spain: Lynx Edicions.
Rheindt, F. and Hutchinson, R. 2007. A photoshot odyssey through the confused avian taxonomy of Seram and Buru (Southern Moluccas). Birding Asia 7: 18-38.
Wink, M., H. Sauer-Gurth, and M. Fuchs. 2004. Phylogenetic relationships in owls based on nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial and nuclear marker genes. In: Chancelor R.D. & Meyburg B.-U. (eds) Raptors Worldwide. WWGBP, Berlin: 517-526.
Wink, M., A. El-Sayed, H. Sauer-Gurth, and J. Gonzalez. 2009. Molecular phylogeny of owls (Strigiformes) inferred from DNA sequences of the mintochondrial Cytochrome b and the nuclear RAG-1 gene. Ardea 97(4): 581-591.
David P. Mindell
California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, California, USA
Correspondence regarding this page should be directed to Julia Gulka at and David P. Mindell at
Page copyright © 2011
Page: Tree of Life Ninox. Boobooks. Authored by Julia Gulka and David P. Mindell. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 04 June 2007
- Content changed 31 July 2011
Citing this page:
Gulka, Julia and David P. Mindell. 2011. Ninox. Boobooks. Version 31 July 2011 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Ninox/101020/2011.07.31 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/