Tortoiseshells and Mourning CloaksAndrew V. Z. Brower
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IntroductionA holarctic group of fast flying nymphalids. Some overwinter as adults (e. g., N. antiopa) and may be seen flying on warm days in late winter.
Discussion of Phylogenetic RelationshipsThe hypothesis of relationships is that implied by the combined analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear genes by Wahlberg et al. (2009). The position of the unsampled N. cyanomelas, a Mexican endemic, is hypothesized based on its morphological similarity to N. antiopa.
Wahlberg, N. & Nylin, S. 2003 Morphology versus molecules: resolution of the positions of Nymphalis, Polygonia, and related genera (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Cladistics 19, 213-223.
Wahlberg, N., Weingartner, E., Warren, A. D. & Nylin, S. 2009 Timing major conflict between mitochondrial and nuclear genes in species relationships of Polygonia butterflies (Nymphalidae: Nymphlalini). BMC Evolutionary Biology 9, 92.
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Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
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Page: Tree of Life Nymphalis Authored by . Tortoiseshells and Mourning Cloaks.Andrew V. Z. Brower. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.
- First online 19 April 2009
- Content changed 04 June 2009
Citing this page:
Brower, Andrew V. Z. 2009. Nymphalis http://tolweb.org/Nymphalis/70342/2009.06.04 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/. Tortoiseshells and Mourning Cloaks. Version 04 June 2009 (under construction).