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section Trifoliae

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taxon links [down<--]subgenus Pinus Interpreting the tree
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This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.

The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.

example of a tree diagram

You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.

For more information on ToL tree formatting, please see Interpreting the Tree or Classification. To learn more about phylogenetic trees, please visit our Phylogenetic Biology pages.

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Containing group: subgenus Pinus

References

Dvorak, W. S., A. P. Jordon, G. P.Hodge and J. L. Romero. 2000. Assessing evolutionary relationships of pines in the Oocarpae and Australes subsections using RAPD markers. New Forests 20:163-192.

Geada López, G., K. Kamiya, and K. Harada. 2002. Phylogenetic relationships of Diploxylon pines (subgenus Pinus) based on plastid sequence data. Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 737-747.

Gernandt, D. S., G. Geada López, S. Ortiz García, and A. Liston. Phylogeny and classification of Pinus. Taxon, in press.

Krupkin, A. B., A. Liston, and S. H. Strauss. 1996. Phylogenetic analysis of the hard pines (Pinus subgenus Pinus) from chloroplast DNA restriction site analysis. American Journal of Botany 83:489-498.

Price, R. A., A. Liston, and S. H. Strauss. 1998. Phylogeny and systematics of Pinus. Pp. 49-68 in: Richardson, D.M. (ed.), Ecology and Biogeography of Pinus. Cambridge University Press.

Title Illustrations
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Scientific Name Pinus banksiana
Location Brainerd, Minnesota, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Mature jack pine, Brainerd MN
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 Eli Sagor
Scientific Name Pinus ponderosa
Location South Platte Ranger District, Colorado, USA
Comments ponderosa pine trees covered with rime (an icy or frosty coating on foliage)
Acknowledgements Photograph courtesy InsectImages.org (#1207094)
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Collection Bugwood Network/Forestry Images
Copyright © Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service
Scientific Name Pinus radiata
Location Point Lobos, California, USA
Specimen Condition Live Specimen
Source Pinus radiata; Monterey Pines at Point Lobos
Source Collection Flickr
Image Use creative commons This media file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 2.0.
Copyright © 2007 Blake Matheson
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Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2005. section Trifoliae. Version 12 January 2005 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/section_Trifoliae/27108/2005.01.12 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

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