Temporary Page


Containing group: Phytomelanic Cypsela Clade


Estes, D. and J. Beck. 2011. A new species of Polymnia (Asteraceae: Tribe Polymnieae) from Tennessee. Systematic Botany 36: 481-486.

Hardcastle, E. L., R. M. McElderry, and J. L. Gentry. 2007. Distribution, habitat, and current population size estimates for Polymnia cossatotensis (Cossatot Leafcup) [Asteraceae], a rare Arkansas endemic. Castanea 72: 194204

Pittman, A. B., V. Bates, and R. Kral. 1989. A new species of Polymnia (Compositae: Heliantheae) from the Ouachita Mountain region of Arkansas. Sida 13: 481486.

Rauscher, J. T. 2002. Molecular phylogenetics of the Espeletia complex (Asteraceae): evidence from nrDNA ITS sequences on the closest relatives of an Andean adaptive radiation. American Journal of Botany 89: 10741084.

Robinson, H. 1978. Studies in the Heliantheae (Asteraceae). XII. Re-establishment of the genus Smallanthus. Phytologia 39: 4753.

Strother, J. 2006. Polymnia. Pp. 3940 in Flora of North America north of Mexico. Vol. 21. Magnoliophyta: Asteridae, Part 8: Asteraceae, Part 3. ed. Flora of North America Editorial Committee. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wells, J. R. 1965. A taxonomic study of Polymnia (Compositae). Brittonia 17: 144159.

Wells, J. R. 1969. Specific relationships between Polymnia canadensis and P. laevigata (Compositae). Castanea 34: 179184.

About This Page

Page: Tree of Life Polymnieae. The TEXT of this page is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License - Version 3.0. Note that images and other media featured on this page are each governed by their own license, and they may or may not be available for reuse. Click on an image or a media link to access the media data window, which provides the relevant licensing information. For the general terms and conditions of ToL material reuse and redistribution, please see the Tree of Life Copyright Policies.

Citing this page:

Tree of Life Web Project. 2011. Polymnieae. Version 11 July 2011 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Polymnieae/22922/2011.07.11 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

edit this page
close box

This page is a Tree of Life Branch Page.

Each ToL branch page provides a synopsis of the characteristics of a group of organisms representing a branch of the Tree of Life. The major distinction between a branch and a leaf of the Tree of Life is that each branch can be further subdivided into descendent branches, that is, subgroups representing distinct genetic lineages.

For a more detailed explanation of the different ToL page types, have a look at the Structure of the Tree of Life page.

close box


Page Content

articles & notes



Explore Other Groups

random page

  go to the Tree of Life home page