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Sepia Linne, 1758

Katharina M. Mangold (1922-2003) and Richard E. Young
This genus contains 95 nominal species.
Containing group: Sepiidae


This genus is probably the most speciose in the Cephalopoda. Because of the great variability among species, the genus is best defined by the other two genera; that is, Sepia is the sepiid that doesn't have the major characters that define Metasepia and Sepiella.



  1. Funnel
    1. Funnel component of locking apparatus without pit-like depression at midpoint of groove.

  2. Mantle
    1. Mantle without posterior gland and pore (see Sepiella).

  3. Shell
    1. Cuttlebone length approximately the same as mantle length.
    2. Cuttlebone usually with a posterior spine between fins.


Adam, W. and W. J. Rees. 1966. A review of the cephalopod family Sepiidae. Sci. Rep. John Murray Exped. 11: 1-165.

Khromov, D. N., C. C. Lu, A. Guerra, Zh. Dong and S. v. Boletzky. 1998. A synopsis of Sepiidae outside Australian waters. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 586: 77-156.

Lu, C. C. A synopsis of Sepiidae in Australian waters. 1998. Smithson. Contr. Zool., 586:159-190.

Title Illustrations
Scientific Name Sepia latimanus, Sepia latimanus (2)
Location off Australia
Comments mate guarding, female on left
Sex f, m (2)
Copyright © 1996 Mark Norman
About This Page

Katharina M. Mangold (1922-2003)

Richard E. Young

Dept of Oceanography
University of Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

Citing this page:

Mangold (1922-2003), Katharina M. and Young, Richard E. 1996. Sepia Linne, 1758. Version 01 January 1996 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Sepia/20009/1996.01.01 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/

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