tenrecs, Madagascar "hedgehogs"
This tree diagram shows the relationships between several groups of organisms.
The root of the current tree connects the organisms featured in this tree to their containing group and the rest of the Tree of Life. The basal branching point in the tree represents the ancestor of the other groups in the tree. This ancestor diversified over time into several descendent subgroups, which are represented as internal nodes and terminal taxa to the right.
You can click on the root to travel down the Tree of Life all the way to the root of all Life, and you can click on the names of descendent subgroups to travel up the Tree of Life all the way to individual species.close box
Relationships after Asher and Hofreiter 2006.
Asher, R. J. 2001. Cranial anatomy in tenrecid insectivorans: Character evolution across competing phylogenies. American Museum Novitates 3352:1–54.
Asher, R. J. and M. Hofreiter. 2006. Tenrec phylogeny and the noninvasive extraction of nuclear DNA. Systematic Biology 55(2):181-194.
Benstead, J. P., and L. E. Olson. 2003. Limnogale mergulus, web-footed tenrec or aquatic tenrec. Pages 1267–1273 in The Natural History of Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead, eds. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Butler, P. M. 1984. Macroscelidea, Insectivora, and Chiroptera from the Miocene of East Africa. Palaeovertebrata 14:117–200.
Douady, C. J., F. Catzeflis, D. J. Kao, M. S. Springer, and M. J. Stanhope. 2002. Molecular evidence for the monophyly of Tenrecidae (Mammalia) and the timing of the colonization of Madagascar by Malagasy tenrecs. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:357–363.
Douady, C. J., F. Catzeflis, M. S. Springer, and M. J. Stanhope. 2003. Molecular evidence for the monophyly of Tenrecidae: A reply to Asher. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 26:331–332.
Eisenberg, J. F., and E. Gould. 1970. The tenrecs: A study in mammalian behavior and evolution. Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 27:1–137.
Mouchaty S. K., A. Gullberg, A. Janke, and U. Arnason. 2000. Phylogenetic position of the tenrecs (Mammalia: Tenrecidae) of Madagascar based on analysis of the complete mitochondrial genome sequence of Echinops telfairi. Zoologica Scripta 29:307–317.
Olson, L. E., and S. M. Goodman. 2003. Phylogeny and biogeography of tenrecs. Pages 1235–1242 in The Natural History of Madagascar. S. M. Goodman and J. P. Benstead, eds. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Poux, C., O. Madsen, E. Marquard, D. R. Vieites, W. W. de Jong, and M. Vences. 2005. Asynchronous Colonization of Madagascar by the Four Endemic Clades of Primates, Tenrecs, Carnivores, and Rodents as Inferred from Nuclear Genes. Systematic Biology 54(5):719–730.
Poux, C., O. Madsen, J. Glos, W. W. de Jong, and M. Vences. 2008. Molecular phylogeny and divergence times of Malagasy tenrecs: influence of data partitioning and taxon sampling on dating analyses. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:102. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-102
Salton, J., and F. S. Szalay. 2004. The tarsal complex of Afro-Malagasy Tenrecoidea: A search for phylogenetically meaningful characters. J. Mamm. Evol. 11:73–104.
Page copyright © 2006
All Rights Reserved.
- First online 21 September 2006
- Content changed 21 September 2006
Citing this page:
Tree of Life Web Project. 2006. Tenrecidae. tenrecs, Madagascar "hedgehogs". Version 21 September 2006 (temporary). http://tolweb.org/Tenrecidae/16224/2006.09.21 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/